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Floods in Sicily: torrential rains cause flooding in the province of Catania
I Måneskin special guest at the Rolling Stones concert in Las Vegas
Micro-Four-Thirds: OMDS removes the name Olympus from cameras
In Brazil, senators want to deprive Jair Bolsonaro of social networks
Gattinoni on roadtour to present the new topics to the adv
Is the Future of Space Rocketless? These Spaceplanes Will Have You Believe So
Cracking the case of how one of the earliest predators hunted
Automotive fleets are moving towards electric
Billie Eilish fashion. the singer?s changes during her career
Former national player Assimiou Touré works as a scout for Bayer Leverkusen

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                    [title] => Floods in Sicily: torrential rains cause flooding in the province of Catania
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                            [creator] => Sally Scully
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                    [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 16:04:52 +0000
                    [category] => PlanetCataniafloodingFloodsprovincerainsSicilytorrential
                    [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4031
                    [description] => A submerged car after torrential rains, in Catania (Italy), October 26, 2021. STRINGER / AFP Cars stranded on impassable roads. Garibaldi hospital pediatric emergency room flooded. Restaurant patrons standing on chairs. In seventy-two hours, the province of Catania, Sicily, measured 350 millimeters of rain, Wednesday October 27, more than half of the annual precipitation, which ... Read more
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Cars stranded on impassable roads. Garibaldi hospital pediatric emergency room flooded. Restaurant patrons standing on chairs. In seventy-two hours, the province of Catania, Sicily, measured 350 millimeters of rain, Wednesday October 27, more than half of the annual precipitation, which amounts to 600 millimeters, says the Italian channel 3B Meteo.

Since Sunday, Sicily has known torrential rains that Salvo Pogliese, mayor of Catania, the most affected city, describes as “Tragedy” in publication Facebook. At least a meter of water submerges the city, assesses Carlo Migliore, doctor of geology and editor for the weather channel.

Closure of schools

The city prefecture announced the death of a 53-year-old motorist washed away on Tuesday. The information site Sicily News24 also counts the death of an elderly person, whose companion has been missing since Monday.

Catanese traders tell in the Italian daily The Republic the fear caused by the floods and their powerlessness in the face of this event ” almost surreal ». “Our lives were in danger”, testifies Daniele Clarinetto, employee of the Antica Marina restaurant in which he found himself ” trapped “ for six hours in the company of tourists.

Following these events, the mayor of Catania ordered on Tuesday the immediate closure of all shops, except pharmacies, food shops and basic necessities. He urged the Catanese to stay at home except in emergencies, “Because the intensity and violence of the rains could increase at any time”.

The situation showing itself “Worrying”, Salvo Pogliese kept public services and schools closed until Friday. “No one likes to close schools, but exceptional situations must be the subject of exceptional decisions”, he justified. At the same time, a sports structure was opened to the homeless in order to protect them from weather conditions. On Twitter, Internet users express their sadness and support with the hashtag #Catania Where #CataniaRise up (“Get up, Catania”).

Risk of “medicane” in the Mediterranean

The weather situation is not expected to improve in the short term. Rains are forecast until November 2 in Catania. The Weather Channel talks about an evolution “Disturbing” who could form a “Medicane” [contraction de Mediterranean et Hurricane (« ouragan »)], be one “Sort of subtropical hurricane over the Mediterranean causing stormy winds”, explains the television channel on Twitter.

We would love to thank the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Floods in Sicily: torrential rains cause flooding in the province of Catania

) [summary] => A submerged car after torrential rains, in Catania (Italy), October 26, 2021. STRINGER / AFP Cars stranded on impassable roads. Garibaldi hospital pediatric emergency room flooded. Restaurant patrons standing on chairs. In seventy-two hours, the province of Catania, Sicily, measured 350 millimeters of rain, Wednesday October 27, more than half of the annual precipitation, which ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Cars stranded on impassable roads. Garibaldi hospital pediatric emergency room flooded. Restaurant patrons standing on chairs. In seventy-two hours, the province of Catania, Sicily, measured 350 millimeters of rain, Wednesday October 27, more than half of the annual precipitation, which amounts to 600 millimeters, says the Italian channel 3B Meteo.

Since Sunday, Sicily has known torrential rains that Salvo Pogliese, mayor of Catania, the most affected city, describes as “Tragedy” in publication Facebook. At least a meter of water submerges the city, assesses Carlo Migliore, doctor of geology and editor for the weather channel.

Closure of schools

The city prefecture announced the death of a 53-year-old motorist washed away on Tuesday. The information site Sicily News24 also counts the death of an elderly person, whose companion has been missing since Monday.

Catanese traders tell in the Italian daily The Republic the fear caused by the floods and their powerlessness in the face of this event ” almost surreal ». “Our lives were in danger”, testifies Daniele Clarinetto, employee of the Antica Marina restaurant in which he found himself ” trapped “ for six hours in the company of tourists.

Following these events, the mayor of Catania ordered on Tuesday the immediate closure of all shops, except pharmacies, food shops and basic necessities. He urged the Catanese to stay at home except in emergencies, “Because the intensity and violence of the rains could increase at any time”.

The situation showing itself “Worrying”, Salvo Pogliese kept public services and schools closed until Friday. “No one likes to close schools, but exceptional situations must be the subject of exceptional decisions”, he justified. At the same time, a sports structure was opened to the homeless in order to protect them from weather conditions. On Twitter, Internet users express their sadness and support with the hashtag #Catania Where #CataniaRise up (“Get up, Catania”).

Risk of “medicane” in the Mediterranean

The weather situation is not expected to improve in the short term. Rains are forecast until November 2 in Catania. The Weather Channel talks about an evolution “Disturbing” who could form a “Medicane” [contraction de Mediterranean et Hurricane (« ouragan »)], be one “Sort of subtropical hurricane over the Mediterranean causing stormy winds”, explains the television channel on Twitter.

We would love to thank the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Floods in Sicily: torrential rains cause flooding in the province of Catania

[date_timestamp] => 1635350692 ) [1] => Array ( [title] => I Måneskin special guest at the Rolling Stones concert in Las Vegas [link] => https://bofads.com/i-maneskin-special-guest-at-the-rolling-stones-concert-in-las-vegas/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Paula Hooper ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 15:51:52 +0000 [category] => MusicconcertguestlasMåneskinRollingspecialstonesVegas [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4028 [description] => The news, and the satisfactions, do not stop for the Maneskin. The latest news is that the band will be special guest of Rolling Stones on their Saturday show November 6 al Allegiant Stadium di Las Vegas (Nevada). In short, a further consecration of the band, announced during participation in the iconic Tonight Show with ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The news, and the satisfactions, do not stop for the Maneskin.

The latest news is that the band will be special guest of Rolling Stones on their Saturday show November 6 al Allegiant Stadium di Las Vegas (Nevada).

In short, a further consecration of the band, announced during participation in the iconic Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon, which marked their American television debut.

MAneskin: how the US press talks about it

Meanwhile, the American press has also gone mad for our four boys. Here are some of the statements about them in the past few weeks.

ALTERNATIVE PRESS

Challenging the skeptics, i Moonlight they proved not only that rock is alive and well, but that it still has global appeal. Plus, they did so without failing to meet their goals. The rock of the Moonlight is a unique brand, old and new in equal parts, reflecting their love for its history and a desire to help the genre build a better future.

NME

Has been David Bowie to say: “I’m an instant star, just add water and mix“. Looking at the Moonlight as they squirm on stage during their surprise last-minute London show – a glowing mishmash of fishnets, tattoos, heels, leather and glitter – you get the same feeling they couldn’t do anything else. They were born to be rock stars.

BILLBOARD US

?Beggin?” of the Moonlight continues to reign at the top of the Alternative Airplay Chart, consecrating the fastest summit conquest for a new band in the past 25 years

ROLLING STONE US

Måneskin Wanna Be Your Next Rock Idols – Exuding glam-rock swagger.

Måneskin are ready to conquer the world with a sound that has helped create a truly global fandom. They boast three songs in the main positions of the Global Chart of Spotify.

?Beggin??Took away the first place in Olivia Rodrigo. Their latest single, “I WANNA BE YOUR SLAVE?Will surely rise just as high thanks to a hot new video. Plus, you can’t even open TikTok without listening to one of those songs. Their rawness accompanies an important message. For the Moonlight, sexual freedom is linked to their lyrics and their style

NEW YORK TIMES

They won theEurovision. Will they be able to conquer the world? THE Moonlight depopulated in the charts and its components aim to be a long-term success story. THE Moonlight they are a powerful concentrate of charisma and energy on stage, they have broken down language and gender barriers and defend self-expression. There is something very revolutionary about them

ASSOCIATED PRESS (ABC News, Washington Post & More)

I rocker italiani Moonlight they enjoy confusing gender stereotypes. They were four teenagers playing on the street in the squares of Rome. These days, members of the rock band bask in adoration after triumphing at theEurovision Song Contest and have consistently climbed the rankings of Spotify. C

ith their androgynous looks, cheeky videos and what their singer calls “cathartic rage,” they tell The Associated Press they are having a lot of fun blurring stereotypes.

We would love to give thanks to the writer of this post for this incredible web content

I Måneskin special guest at the Rolling Stones concert in Las Vegas

) [summary] => The news, and the satisfactions, do not stop for the Maneskin. The latest news is that the band will be special guest of Rolling Stones on their Saturday show November 6 al Allegiant Stadium di Las Vegas (Nevada). In short, a further consecration of the band, announced during participation in the iconic Tonight Show with ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The news, and the satisfactions, do not stop for the Maneskin.

The latest news is that the band will be special guest of Rolling Stones on their Saturday show November 6 al Allegiant Stadium di Las Vegas (Nevada).

In short, a further consecration of the band, announced during participation in the iconic Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon, which marked their American television debut.

MAneskin: how the US press talks about it

Meanwhile, the American press has also gone mad for our four boys. Here are some of the statements about them in the past few weeks.

ALTERNATIVE PRESS

Challenging the skeptics, i Moonlight they proved not only that rock is alive and well, but that it still has global appeal. Plus, they did so without failing to meet their goals. The rock of the Moonlight is a unique brand, old and new in equal parts, reflecting their love for its history and a desire to help the genre build a better future.

NME

Has been David Bowie to say: “I’m an instant star, just add water and mix“. Looking at the Moonlight as they squirm on stage during their surprise last-minute London show – a glowing mishmash of fishnets, tattoos, heels, leather and glitter – you get the same feeling they couldn’t do anything else. They were born to be rock stars.

BILLBOARD US

?Beggin?” of the Moonlight continues to reign at the top of the Alternative Airplay Chart, consecrating the fastest summit conquest for a new band in the past 25 years

ROLLING STONE US

Måneskin Wanna Be Your Next Rock Idols – Exuding glam-rock swagger.

Måneskin are ready to conquer the world with a sound that has helped create a truly global fandom. They boast three songs in the main positions of the Global Chart of Spotify.

?Beggin??Took away the first place in Olivia Rodrigo. Their latest single, “I WANNA BE YOUR SLAVE?Will surely rise just as high thanks to a hot new video. Plus, you can’t even open TikTok without listening to one of those songs. Their rawness accompanies an important message. For the Moonlight, sexual freedom is linked to their lyrics and their style

NEW YORK TIMES

They won theEurovision. Will they be able to conquer the world? THE Moonlight depopulated in the charts and its components aim to be a long-term success story. THE Moonlight they are a powerful concentrate of charisma and energy on stage, they have broken down language and gender barriers and defend self-expression. There is something very revolutionary about them

ASSOCIATED PRESS (ABC News, Washington Post & More)

I rocker italiani Moonlight they enjoy confusing gender stereotypes. They were four teenagers playing on the street in the squares of Rome. These days, members of the rock band bask in adoration after triumphing at theEurovision Song Contest and have consistently climbed the rankings of Spotify. C

ith their androgynous looks, cheeky videos and what their singer calls “cathartic rage,” they tell The Associated Press they are having a lot of fun blurring stereotypes.

We would love to give thanks to the writer of this post for this incredible web content

I Måneskin special guest at the Rolling Stones concert in Las Vegas

[date_timestamp] => 1635349912 ) [2] => Array ( [title] => Micro-Four-Thirds: OMDS removes the name Olympus from cameras [link] => https://bofads.com/micro-four-thirds-omds-removes-the-name-olympus-from-cameras/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Moonlky ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 15:47:24 +0000 [category] => SportcamerasMicroFourThirdsOlympusOMDSremoves [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4022 [description] => The brand name “Olympus” is history – at least on cameras. The President of OM Digital Solutions announced this in a video message. At the beginning of the year, the Olympus camera division was incorporated into this company. Sugimoto also gave insights into the future company strategy: This is how they want to pursue all ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The brand name “Olympus” is history – at least on cameras. The President of OM Digital Solutions announced this in a video message. At the beginning of the year, the Olympus camera division was incorporated into this company. Sugimoto also gave insights into the future company strategy: This is how they want to pursue all current business areas. In addition to cameras and lenses, this also includes dictation machines, audio recorders and binoculars.

TypeA Black Letters 89d6c9a7869f32e6

All future OMDS products will bear the brand name “OM System”.

(Image: OMDS)

All new products will in future bear the brand name “OM System”. “You free yourself from your legacy to open a new chapter,” says the video. The liberation blow should obviously not be too big, at least the following sentence suggests: “Our name may change, but who we are and what we stand for, never.”

One is in the final development phase of a new camera within the Micro-Four-Thirds-System (MFT). There is no more information on this, only the request to keep an eye out for them in the future.

In any case, OMDS did not announce the Wow cameras that were already on display at the beginning of the year. The fact that no information has yet been released about this product is not exactly optimistic that it will be on the market in the near future. Speculations about what technical data it might have are running around wildly: There is always talk of a newly developed sensor with global shutter and a housing similar to the Olympus E-M1 III.

A global shutter is a shutter technology in which all lines of an image are exposed and read out at the same time. This is advantageous for recording moving objects, for example, since it does not distort them. There were and are similar rumors about the Panasonic GH6.

Panasonic Japan also made a statement today about this Micro Four Thirds camera, which was announced in the spring. The occasion is the 20th anniversary of the Lumix brand. However, these lines are not illuminating either, because they say: The GH6 is still in development. The sensor and processor unit are new developments. The aim is to design the camera in such a way that it can record videos indefinitely while remaining at the recommended operating temperature. More could not be revealed at the moment.


svg%3E

009 FY2021 LUMIX GH5 II MKIT slant K 33a768eb1be07020

Panasonic has a clear focus on video in its Micro Four Thirds models such as the Lumix GH5 II.

(Image: Panasonic)

However, it seems clear that the GH6 is unlikely to be launched this year. Basically, Panasonic wants to stick to the Micro Four Thirds system. The manufacturer has made it clear for some time that the focus is primarily on video. The only model that he launched in the MFT family this year was the GH5 Mark II, which was primarily aimed at filmmakers. It records videos with 4096 × 2160 pixels at 60 frames per second at 4: 2: 0 10-bit. It can also output the data simultaneously in 4: 2: 2 10-bit via HDMI.

Both announcements keep the micro-four-thirds community in wait. The next big “wow” camera will probably not be around this year, at least.

The MFT system belonged to one of the first mirrorless families on the market and is now probably the most extensive in terms of housing and accessories. The focus was initially on particularly handy, price-conscious all-rounders. In the meantime, however, expensive semi-professional models dominate here too, which, as in the case of the Olympus OM-D E-M1 (III), are aimed at nature photographers or at videographers, as in the case of the latest Panasonic models.

The MFT system was founded by Olympus and Panasonic. The former manufacturer said goodbye to the camera market last year. This division has meanwhile merged into the company OMDS (Om Digital Solutions), which wants to continue development, production, sales and service and brought the Olympus E-P7 onto the market this year. However, you searched in vain for new accents, rather the device was a solid addition.

Panasonic has increasingly developed its Micro Four Thirds cameras in the direction of video and has also been pursuing a two-pronged approach for some time. With the Lumix-S models, the manufacturer also offers mirrorless system cameras with full-frame sensors. They too have a clear focus on moving images.



More from c't photography



More from c't photography


(ssi)

To home page

We want to thank the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Micro-Four-Thirds: OMDS removes the name Olympus from cameras

) [summary] => The brand name “Olympus” is history – at least on cameras. The President of OM Digital Solutions announced this in a video message. At the beginning of the year, the Olympus camera division was incorporated into this company. Sugimoto also gave insights into the future company strategy: This is how they want to pursue all ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The brand name “Olympus” is history – at least on cameras. The President of OM Digital Solutions announced this in a video message. At the beginning of the year, the Olympus camera division was incorporated into this company. Sugimoto also gave insights into the future company strategy: This is how they want to pursue all current business areas. In addition to cameras and lenses, this also includes dictation machines, audio recorders and binoculars.

TypeA Black Letters 89d6c9a7869f32e6

All future OMDS products will bear the brand name “OM System”.

(Image: OMDS)

All new products will in future bear the brand name “OM System”. “You free yourself from your legacy to open a new chapter,” says the video. The liberation blow should obviously not be too big, at least the following sentence suggests: “Our name may change, but who we are and what we stand for, never.”

One is in the final development phase of a new camera within the Micro-Four-Thirds-System (MFT). There is no more information on this, only the request to keep an eye out for them in the future.

In any case, OMDS did not announce the Wow cameras that were already on display at the beginning of the year. The fact that no information has yet been released about this product is not exactly optimistic that it will be on the market in the near future. Speculations about what technical data it might have are running around wildly: There is always talk of a newly developed sensor with global shutter and a housing similar to the Olympus E-M1 III.

A global shutter is a shutter technology in which all lines of an image are exposed and read out at the same time. This is advantageous for recording moving objects, for example, since it does not distort them. There were and are similar rumors about the Panasonic GH6.

Panasonic Japan also made a statement today about this Micro Four Thirds camera, which was announced in the spring. The occasion is the 20th anniversary of the Lumix brand. However, these lines are not illuminating either, because they say: The GH6 is still in development. The sensor and processor unit are new developments. The aim is to design the camera in such a way that it can record videos indefinitely while remaining at the recommended operating temperature. More could not be revealed at the moment.


svg%3E

009 FY2021 LUMIX GH5 II MKIT slant K 33a768eb1be07020

Panasonic has a clear focus on video in its Micro Four Thirds models such as the Lumix GH5 II.

(Image: Panasonic)

However, it seems clear that the GH6 is unlikely to be launched this year. Basically, Panasonic wants to stick to the Micro Four Thirds system. The manufacturer has made it clear for some time that the focus is primarily on video. The only model that he launched in the MFT family this year was the GH5 Mark II, which was primarily aimed at filmmakers. It records videos with 4096 × 2160 pixels at 60 frames per second at 4: 2: 0 10-bit. It can also output the data simultaneously in 4: 2: 2 10-bit via HDMI.

Both announcements keep the micro-four-thirds community in wait. The next big “wow” camera will probably not be around this year, at least.

The MFT system belonged to one of the first mirrorless families on the market and is now probably the most extensive in terms of housing and accessories. The focus was initially on particularly handy, price-conscious all-rounders. In the meantime, however, expensive semi-professional models dominate here too, which, as in the case of the Olympus OM-D E-M1 (III), are aimed at nature photographers or at videographers, as in the case of the latest Panasonic models.

The MFT system was founded by Olympus and Panasonic. The former manufacturer said goodbye to the camera market last year. This division has meanwhile merged into the company OMDS (Om Digital Solutions), which wants to continue development, production, sales and service and brought the Olympus E-P7 onto the market this year. However, you searched in vain for new accents, rather the device was a solid addition.

Panasonic has increasingly developed its Micro Four Thirds cameras in the direction of video and has also been pursuing a two-pronged approach for some time. With the Lumix-S models, the manufacturer also offers mirrorless system cameras with full-frame sensors. They too have a clear focus on moving images.



More from c't photography



More from c't photography


(ssi)

To home page

We want to thank the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Micro-Four-Thirds: OMDS removes the name Olympus from cameras

[date_timestamp] => 1635349644 ) [3] => Array ( [title] => In Brazil, senators want to deprive Jair Bolsonaro of social networks [link] => https://bofads.com/in-brazil-senators-want-to-deprive-jair-bolsonaro-of-social-networks/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tom Pauler ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 15:18:57 +0000 [category] => NewsBolsonaroBrazildepriveJairnetworkssenatorssocial [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4016 [description] => Brazilians gathered around a television broadcasting a video of Jair Bolsonaro published on the Internet, in a bar in the Lapa district, in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), in October 2018. FERNANDO SOUZA / AFP Will Jair Bolsonaro find himself deprived of his favorite communication tool? Tuesday, October 26, a group of senators officially demanded the ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Will Jair Bolsonaro find himself deprived of his favorite communication tool? Tuesday, October 26, a group of senators officially demanded the suspension of accounts owned by the controversial president of the country on social networks. A first in the digital and political history of the young Brazilian republic.

Sent to justice, the request comes from the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry (ICC) on the management of the Covid-19 pandemic, which put to the vote and approved, on Tuesday, the thick report written on the subject, the result of six months of meticulous investigations. It comes mainly as a result of a new controversy, triggered by Jair Bolsonaro on October 21.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers The “criminal” management of the Jair Bolsonaro pandemic in Brazil

That day, in his usual weekly live broadcast, broadcast every Thursday evening on social networks, the president is the mouthpiece of a crass “fake news”, suggesting that people vaccinated against Covid-19 would develop the virus AIDS “Much faster than expected”. Without citing its exact source, the latter claims to be based on supposed official data from the British authorities. ” Yes want to transmit information “, he assures.

Not the first slip

The outcry is general. The head of state is immediately denied by the British government and members of the medical community. The video was quickly removed from the Instagram and Facebook platforms. YouTube goes even further, suspending Monday, and for a week, the activities of the video channel of Mr. Bolsonaro.

The sulphurous president is not at his first slip. Since April, according to a count made by the newspaper Or Balloon, YouTube would have removed at least 33 videos posted by it. In the event of new serious infringements, Jair Bolsonaro could even see his video channel (followed by 3.5 million Internet users) definitively closed.

Read also YouTube removes videos of Jair Bolsonaro for misinformation

The incident naturally sparked the fury of the ICC. In addition to the suspension of the president on social networks, it requires a public retraction “ on a national channel ?, under penalty of a fine of 50,000 reais (7,700 euros) per day and demands the sending to Brazilian justice by Google, Facebook and Twitter of all the data, content and access information of the accounts of the head of the state since April 2020.

“A repeat offender”

For senators, it is a question of ensuring the ?Protection of the Brazilian population?. « We have a repeat offender in the presidency of the republic! “, was indignant, on social networks, the left-wing senator Randolfe Rodrigues, vice-president of the parliamentary committee, denouncing an exit ” false and absurd by Bolsonaro ».

You have 26.02% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We want to give thanks to the writer of this article for this incredible content

In Brazil, senators want to deprive Jair Bolsonaro of social networks

) [summary] => Brazilians gathered around a television broadcasting a video of Jair Bolsonaro published on the Internet, in a bar in the Lapa district, in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), in October 2018. FERNANDO SOUZA / AFP Will Jair Bolsonaro find himself deprived of his favorite communication tool? Tuesday, October 26, a group of senators officially demanded the ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Will Jair Bolsonaro find himself deprived of his favorite communication tool? Tuesday, October 26, a group of senators officially demanded the suspension of accounts owned by the controversial president of the country on social networks. A first in the digital and political history of the young Brazilian republic.

Sent to justice, the request comes from the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry (ICC) on the management of the Covid-19 pandemic, which put to the vote and approved, on Tuesday, the thick report written on the subject, the result of six months of meticulous investigations. It comes mainly as a result of a new controversy, triggered by Jair Bolsonaro on October 21.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers The “criminal” management of the Jair Bolsonaro pandemic in Brazil

That day, in his usual weekly live broadcast, broadcast every Thursday evening on social networks, the president is the mouthpiece of a crass “fake news”, suggesting that people vaccinated against Covid-19 would develop the virus AIDS “Much faster than expected”. Without citing its exact source, the latter claims to be based on supposed official data from the British authorities. ” Yes want to transmit information “, he assures.

Not the first slip

The outcry is general. The head of state is immediately denied by the British government and members of the medical community. The video was quickly removed from the Instagram and Facebook platforms. YouTube goes even further, suspending Monday, and for a week, the activities of the video channel of Mr. Bolsonaro.

The sulphurous president is not at his first slip. Since April, according to a count made by the newspaper Or Balloon, YouTube would have removed at least 33 videos posted by it. In the event of new serious infringements, Jair Bolsonaro could even see his video channel (followed by 3.5 million Internet users) definitively closed.

Read also YouTube removes videos of Jair Bolsonaro for misinformation

The incident naturally sparked the fury of the ICC. In addition to the suspension of the president on social networks, it requires a public retraction “ on a national channel ?, under penalty of a fine of 50,000 reais (7,700 euros) per day and demands the sending to Brazilian justice by Google, Facebook and Twitter of all the data, content and access information of the accounts of the head of the state since April 2020.

“A repeat offender”

For senators, it is a question of ensuring the ?Protection of the Brazilian population?. « We have a repeat offender in the presidency of the republic! “, was indignant, on social networks, the left-wing senator Randolfe Rodrigues, vice-president of the parliamentary committee, denouncing an exit ” false and absurd by Bolsonaro ».

You have 26.02% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We want to give thanks to the writer of this article for this incredible content

In Brazil, senators want to deprive Jair Bolsonaro of social networks

[date_timestamp] => 1635347937 ) [4] => Array ( [title] => Gattinoni on roadtour to present the new topics to the adv [link] => https://bofads.com/gattinoni-on-roadtour-to-present-the-new-topics-to-the-adv/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry World ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 15:08:13 +0000 [category] => LifestyleadvGattinoniroadtourtopics [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4010 [description] => The traditional Gattinoni Mondo di Vacanze roadtour took off yesterday, three weeks far and wide for Italy dedicated to meeting the network agencies. There are many topics on the plate: from the platform B2B2C a quella social, to cards, from Fly Gattinoni to the customer concierge. All services of great value that are now included ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The traditional Gattinoni Mondo di Vacanze roadtour took off yesterday, three weeks far and wide for Italy dedicated to meeting the network agencies. There are many topics on the plate: from the platform B2B2C a quella social, to cards, from Fly Gattinoni to the customer concierge. All services of great value that are now included in the All inclusive fee.

An institutional opening on the part of the management is the prelude; a summary of what has been experienced by the network and how Gattinoni is orienting himself. The centrality of the customer is reaffirmed, that customer who during and after the pandemic has changed habits and needs and who has amplified their online behavior, getting used to researching and purchasing goods and services such as e-commerce.

In particular, there is talk of the need to innovate previous commercial methods. At the heart is the brand new B2B2C platform. Innovative tool for the network, which will make it possible to reach the potential traveler with a showcase that brings together all types of products in a simplified way for navigation, to which is added the possibility of buying online.

Important appointment

«Having skipped the 2020 edition for obvious reasons, here we are again to resume the annual roadtour – said Sergio Testi, general manager of Gattinoni Travel Network -. This is a truly important and significant event for us. We pull the strings of what was done during the forced closure, and with all the energy and the desire to start again we want to confront the agencies. We can’t wait to communicate all the news and all the tools we have designed to innovate, to capture new customer groups, tools to give agencies the opportunity to perform at their best. Both on the social side, with centralized management by the network that can be customized by each individual agency, and on the product side, with the richest programming ever included in the platforms ».

It also shows how the support of communication through social channels is now essential. The agencies of the network will be able to take advantage of editorial and graphic content, totally customizable and the value of gift cards is reaffirmed, especially around the Christmas holidays.

Strength elements

On the business travel side, Fly Gattinoni is presented, the new generation ?easy to use? platform for booking flights; it does not consist of a simplified gds but represents a qualitative leap as it has a wider range of tariffs within it. An additional service that caters to both IATA and non-IATA agencies.

And we take stock of the values ??and strengths of Gattinoni Mondo di Vacanze with a long-term project, namely the three-year period 2022/2024. From communication, both in store with shop windows, both online and at the level of advertising campaigns aimed at giving visibility to the brand. With the awareness of a product completeness and independence that has no equal on the market.

The complete roadtour calendar is this: 26 October – Turin; 27 October – Milan; 28 October – Padua; November 3 – Bologna; November 9 – Catania; November 10 – Palermo; November 15 – Florence; November 16 – Rome; November 17 – Naples; November 18 – Bari

We want to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this amazing material

Gattinoni on roadtour to present the new topics to the adv

) [summary] => The traditional Gattinoni Mondo di Vacanze roadtour took off yesterday, three weeks far and wide for Italy dedicated to meeting the network agencies. There are many topics on the plate: from the platform B2B2C a quella social, to cards, from Fly Gattinoni to the customer concierge. All services of great value that are now included ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The traditional Gattinoni Mondo di Vacanze roadtour took off yesterday, three weeks far and wide for Italy dedicated to meeting the network agencies. There are many topics on the plate: from the platform B2B2C a quella social, to cards, from Fly Gattinoni to the customer concierge. All services of great value that are now included in the All inclusive fee.

An institutional opening on the part of the management is the prelude; a summary of what has been experienced by the network and how Gattinoni is orienting himself. The centrality of the customer is reaffirmed, that customer who during and after the pandemic has changed habits and needs and who has amplified their online behavior, getting used to researching and purchasing goods and services such as e-commerce.

In particular, there is talk of the need to innovate previous commercial methods. At the heart is the brand new B2B2C platform. Innovative tool for the network, which will make it possible to reach the potential traveler with a showcase that brings together all types of products in a simplified way for navigation, to which is added the possibility of buying online.

Important appointment

«Having skipped the 2020 edition for obvious reasons, here we are again to resume the annual roadtour – said Sergio Testi, general manager of Gattinoni Travel Network -. This is a truly important and significant event for us. We pull the strings of what was done during the forced closure, and with all the energy and the desire to start again we want to confront the agencies. We can’t wait to communicate all the news and all the tools we have designed to innovate, to capture new customer groups, tools to give agencies the opportunity to perform at their best. Both on the social side, with centralized management by the network that can be customized by each individual agency, and on the product side, with the richest programming ever included in the platforms ».

It also shows how the support of communication through social channels is now essential. The agencies of the network will be able to take advantage of editorial and graphic content, totally customizable and the value of gift cards is reaffirmed, especially around the Christmas holidays.

Strength elements

On the business travel side, Fly Gattinoni is presented, the new generation ?easy to use? platform for booking flights; it does not consist of a simplified gds but represents a qualitative leap as it has a wider range of tariffs within it. An additional service that caters to both IATA and non-IATA agencies.

And we take stock of the values ??and strengths of Gattinoni Mondo di Vacanze with a long-term project, namely the three-year period 2022/2024. From communication, both in store with shop windows, both online and at the level of advertising campaigns aimed at giving visibility to the brand. With the awareness of a product completeness and independence that has no equal on the market.

The complete roadtour calendar is this: 26 October – Turin; 27 October – Milan; 28 October – Padua; November 3 – Bologna; November 9 – Catania; November 10 – Palermo; November 15 – Florence; November 16 – Rome; November 17 – Naples; November 18 – Bari

We want to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this amazing material

Gattinoni on roadtour to present the new topics to the adv

[date_timestamp] => 1635347293 ) [5] => Array ( [title] => Is the Future of Space Rocketless? These Spaceplanes Will Have You Believe So [link] => https://bofads.com/is-the-future-of-space-rocketless-these-spaceplanes-will-have-you-believe-so/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harold Kent ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 14:53:08 +0000 [category] => SpacefutureRocketlessspaceSpaceplanes [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4004 [description] => A spaceplane is an advanced airplane that can not only fly in the Earth?s atmosphere but also in outer space. The technology has been in development for many decades, but as compared to conventional rocket engines, spaceplanes have not been able to see much success when it comes to space exploration. At least not yet.  ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

A spaceplane is an advanced airplane that can not only fly in the Earth?s atmosphere but also in outer space. The technology has been in development for many decades, but as compared to conventional rocket engines, spaceplanes have not been able to see much success when it comes to space exploration.

At least not yet. 

However, many experts believe that spaceplanes have the potential to make space travel safer, more affordable, and more accessible than ever. The various limitations faced by rocket engines, concerning passenger capacity, reusability, operational cost, and launching infrastructure could be overcome by spaceplanes.

Let’s find out why. 

What is a spaceplane?

A spaceplane is something of a hybrid between a conventional atmospheric aircraft and a craft that can maneuver in outer space. To this end, existing and proposed examples of them tend to combine features, like wings, that allow them to fly or glide in the Earth’s atmosphere, while also being able to move around in the void of space. 

The archetype for such a craft would be the now-retired NASA space shuttles. 

To date, there are two main types of spaceplanes, or what can be considered “real spaceplanes”. The first, like the Space Shuttle, is a craft that can be strapped to a rocket to be carried into space. The second, and hardest by far to develop, would potentially not need a launch vehicle and could take off horizontally and reach space through a progressive trajectory.

The degree to which such craft incorporate features of spacecraft or atmospheric craft entirely depends on their intended use once out of the Earth’s atmosphere. For example, fully orbital-capable spaceplanes will tend to have more in common with more conventional spacecraft, while the suborbital kinds tend to be more akin to conventional fixed-wing aircraft in design. 

However, being something of a jack of all trades, such craft will also have some unique features exclusive to them. For example, the need to reenter the Earth’s atmosphere (and survive) means that such craft needs some special features typically absent on aircraft and only present on spacecraft designed to return to Earth. 

Apart from the need to get into space in the first place, spaceplanes need some form of renewable power supply once in orbit, as they can’t refuel. In most cases, this will involve the use of solar panels, batteries, or fuel cells. They also need the means to maneuver in space, provide life support for any crew, and have a way of communicating with the ground and other space-based craft/installations. 

They also need to be designed in such a way as to protect their delicate electronics and living occupants, safe from being bathed in solar radiation. Assuming, that is, that such craft will carry a living crew. 

For maneuvering in space, craft like the Space Shuttle had dedicated engines and maneuvering thrusters for propulsion and fine motor control of yaw, pitch, etc. 

For the Space Shuttle, these engines used a toxic substance called a hypergolic propellent, consisting of a fuel and an oxidizer, which requires very special handling precautions. Spaceplanes will require other gases, like helium for pressurization and nitrogen for life support, to be safely stored on board the craft. 

The re-entry process requires the craft to shed a lot of momentum very quickly, which inevitably produces a lot of heat. If no protection was provided to the craft during the process, it would quickly burn up. For this reason, most spaceplanes need to have some form of heat shielding on their underside ? like the Space Shuttle’s thermal protection system (TPS). 

To date, most existing spaceplanes tend to be primarily rocket-powered to get into orbit and then rely primarily on t their aerodynamic design to glide safely back to Terra Firma after reentry (usually unpowered).

The most notable examples of spaceplanes that have successfully launched into orbit (and returned to Earth) include the Space Shuttle, the Buran (a Russian version of the Space Shuttle), and the X-37, to name a few.

spaceplanes tourism
The Dream Chaser in low-Earth orbit. Source: Sierra Nevada Corporation

All of the existing, retired, and planned space planes tend to make use of vertical rocket launch vehicles to overcome Earth’s gravity, and this is unlikely to change for the foreseeable future. Some other launch strategies do exist, primarily high altitude, horizontal launch platforms from airborne carrier aircraft ? like the X-15 or SpaceShipOne. 

What are the benefits and drawbacks of spaceplanes?

One of the main benefits of spaceplanes is the fact that they would be, at least in theory, completely reusable. With a little maintenance pre-flight and refueling, of course. In theory, they should be able to provide frequent flights into space and back ? much like commercial airliners today. 

This is especially the case of a spaceplane that can be built that can take off and land using more conventional runways, rather than expensive rockets and rocket launch pads. 

For uses like space tourism, this would be an incredibly attractive possibility and one that could make leisure trips to space an actual reality for more than the super-wealthy. 

Another major benefit of spaceplanes is the ability to actually ferry stuff to and from space. This would prove very useful for repairing expensive orbiting spacecraft like satellites, space stations, or the Hubble Space Telescope, say. 

Then there is the more aggressive potential of spaceplanes. Theoretically, spaceplanes could be used to test military equipment or intercept enemy satellites in space. Some elements of spaceplanes also overlap with hypersonic weapons so, in theory, they may also be useful interceptors for hypersonic missiles

spaceplanes X-15
Early developments, like the X-15, paved the way for the spaceplane. Source: Andrews AFB

However, the potential for these craft relies on developers overcoming some very serious challenges for the technology.

One of the main drawbacks of developing spaceplanes is the fact that they are relatively expensive to develop. This is partly because of the fact that any craft needs to be able to survive frequent trips into and back from space. 

There is also the technological problem of combining space and atmospheric propulsion systems on the same craft. The difficulty of this problem should not be underestimated. 

Another major problem for spaceplanes is the, admittedly amazing, work of companies like SpaceX. The development of reuseable and recoverable rockets are, to no small degree, killing the motivation for the development of spaceplanes. 

Spaceplane development is not cheap, and with the reduced need to bring stuff back from space, like old satellites, there is an ever-shrinking need for them beyond possible space tourism or as a special kind of taxi service. 

Satellites, for example, are becoming increasingly cheaper to build and launch, and most are considered expendable once their useful life cycle is over. This is a trend that is unlikely to change, especially with the likes of SpaceX’s Starlink satellite program that consists of thousands of mass-produced, small satellites. 

However, even the likes of SpaceX’s rockets require some time to get ready for launch. A true spaceplane that can take off and land like a conventional aircraft, reach space, and return safely, would be an incredibly useful piece of technology.

spaceplanes spaceshipone
SpaceShipOne is just one of many failed spaceplane programs in history. Source: NASA

It might be the case that we need to wait a little more time for new propulsion systems to be developed before spaceplanes could ever become a reality. However, it will be interesting to see what the next few decades have in store for spaceplanes. 

But, in short, if all the problems with them can be overcome, they could completely rewrite space travel forever. Especially if coupled with other systems, like skyhooks. 

What are some examples of spaceplanes?

So, with that being said, let’s take a look at some of the most notable examples of spaceplanes from past, present, and future. Here we will only consider examples of spaceplanes that have actually entered orbit and returned to Earth, or those that are being designed to provide that capability (sorry X-15). 

The following list is not exhaustive and is in no particular order. 

1. The Space Shuttle was the most successful spaceplane to date

spaceplanes space shuttle
Source: David Yu/Flickr

Of all the spaceplane concepts and programs to date, by far the most successful was NASA’s Space Shuttle program. Designated as a “partially reusable” low-Earth orbital spacecraft, several were built and the program completed 135 missions between 1981 and its final retirement in 2011. 

Officially called the Space Transportation System (STS), the program can trace its origins to the 1960s, with NASA’s plan for a system of reusable spacecraft. After years of research and development, the STS program was eventually given the green light in the early-1980s. 

In total, six space shuttles were built with all accumulating a total of 135 space missions throughout the program’s duration. The first, the Enterprise, was built in the mid-1970s and was used mainly for Approach and LAnding tests, she had, therefore, no orbital capability. The other four operational orbiters were the Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, and Atlantis

Of these, only two now remain, with the Challenger and Columbia lost under very tragic circumstances. Not only were the craft lost, but these accidents cost the lives of 14 brave astronauts – much to the horror of the world. In 1991, a sixth and final orbiter, the Endeavour, was built to replace the then recently lost Challenger. 

Operational missions for the craft ranged from the deployment of satellites, interplanetary probes, ferrying of scientific apparatus (like the Hubble Space Telescope), helping build and ferry crew back and forth to the International Space Station, conducting low-Earth orbit experiments, and adding its considerable weight to the Shuttle-Mir program with Russia.  

All-in-all, the Space Shuttle fleet’s total mission time was 1,322 days, 19 hours, 21 minutes, and 23 seconds. The STS system required the use of a vertical launch vehicle to actually get the Orbiter Vehicle (the shuttle) into space and consisted of a pair of recoverable booster solid rockets, and a large expendable fuel tank of liquid hydrogen and oxygen to fuel the boosters. These boost rockets would work in tandem with the shuttle’s own three main engines to get the orbiter off the ground.

Despite the program’s successes, all surviving craft were finally grounded in 2011, after which NASA relied on Russian Soyuz spacecraft to ferry astronauts and material to the ISS. That was until the launch of SpaceX’s Dragon missions. 

2. Dreamchaser is an interesting development

spaceplane dream chaser
Source: NASA/Flickr

Currently under development by Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) Space Systems, the Dream Chaser is a modern example of a spaceplane under development. Called “America’s Spaceplane” by Sierra Nevada Corporation, the Dream Chaser is intended for use as a multi-mission, space utility vehicle. 

Designed as a potential reusable, lifting-body spaceplane, the craft was originally designed as a crewed vehicle. However, the current craft under development is primarily to be used as an unmanned cargo transporter. Once operational, a crewed variant is in the works that will be capable of carrying up to seven people, with less cargo, into low-Earth orbit. 

NASA selected the Dream Chaser spaceplane to provide cargo delivery, return, and disposal services for the International Space Station under the Commercial Resupply Services 2 (CRS-2) contract. Under this agreement, Dream Chaser will provide a minimum of six cargo service missions to and from the space station.

Currently, Dream Chaser is able to deliver 5.5 tons of pressurized and unpressurized cargo, which can include a myriad of items, from food, to water, to science equipment, and everything in between. So long as the payload can be packaged and tucked inside the craft, it can, in theory, be delivered to space. She can also return to Earth carrying material or waste materials as a kind of space-to-Earth disposal vehicle. 

Like the Space Shuttle that preceded it, Dream Chaser requires the use of a vertical launch vehicle to actually get into space. This is currently provided using the Vulcan Centaur rocket. However, Dream Chaser’s unique selling point is the flexibility of its design to be mounted, theoretically, on a variety of launch vehicles. 

A European Space Agency (ESA) variant has also been proposed that would piggyback on an Arianespace vehicle, but this is yet to be realized. After completing its supply missions, the Dream Chaser is then able to autonomously land horizontally on conventional runways. 

To date, Dream Chaser has completed several key milestones in its development, but is yet to supply the ISS for real. 

3. Little is know about the X-37B 

spaceplanes x37b
Source: U.S. Air Force

One of the most interesting spaceplanes currently under development is NASA’s semi-mysterious X-37B. An unmanned spacecraft, it has, to date, completed a series of test flights carrying undisclosed payloads on long-duration flights in Earth’s orbit. 

Development of the craft began in the late-1990s, with two initial vehicles planned: an “Approach and Landing Test Vehicle (ALTV)”, and an “Orbital Vehicle”. In 2004, the program was transferred to the U.S. Military under the governance of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). At that point, X-37B became a classified project. 

The craft resembles, in passing, the venerable Space Shuttle, but is much smaller, at around 29 feet (8.8 meters) long and 9.5 feet (2.9 m) tall, with a wingspan just less than 15 feet (4.6 m). At launch, it weighs 11,000 lbs. (4,990 kilograms). She can operate at altitudes of between 110 to 500 miles (177 to 805 km).

Her cargo/payload bay is pretty impressive for the craft’s size, at 7 feet long by 4 feet wide (2.1 by 1.2 m) ? about the size of a pickup truck bed. However, and we stress this, what it is designed to carry is a closely guarded secret. 

“The primary objectives of the X-37B are twofold: reusable spacecraft technologies for America’s future in space and operating experiments which can be returned to and examined on Earth,” states an X-37B fact sheet produced by the Air Force.

The X-37B, like its Space Shuttle predecessor, is primarily solar-powered and is able to launch vertically using a rocket-powered vertical launch vehicle. Once its orbital mission is complete, the X-37B reenters the Earth’s atmosphere and cruises back to Earth to land like a conventional aircraft. 

NASA’s original ambitions for the Approach and Landing Test Vehicle phase of the project were completed by 2006, with a series of captive-carry and free-flight tests completed successfully. The “Orbital Vehicle” part of the original project was, as far as we know, never realized, but it served to inspire the design of the current X-37B. 

The X-37B program is now run by the Air Force’s “Rapid Capabilities Office”, with mission control for orbital flights based at the 3rd Space Experimentation Squadron at Schriever Air Force Base in Colorado. The spaceplanes are being built by Boeing’s Phantom Works division. 

4. The Buran was Russia’s answer to the Space Shuttle

spaceplanes the buran
Source: Daniel Mennerich/Flickr

Developed during the 1970s, the Buran program, also known as the “VKK Space Orbiter program”, was basically a Soviet version of the much more successful Space Shuttle. Designed at the Central Aerohydromdynamic Institute of Moscow, the program finally came to a close with the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s. 

The Buran program, much like the American Space Shuttle, consisted of the orbiter spaceplane, the K1, and its launch vehicle. It completed a single uncrewed spaceflight in 1988 and is, to date, the only such spacecraft to successfully touch down under automatic control, something NASA’s space shuttle was not designed to do.

The K1 orbiter spaceplane ostensibly resembled the much more famous Space Shuttle and was lifted into space using expendable rockets. One key difference between the Buran system and NASA’s is that only the K1 orbiter was recoverable, its entire launch vehicle, an Energia rocket, was completely sacrificial. 

Buran was, by far, the most expensive endeavor of the Soviet Space program and one that ultimately was not successful. Two shuttles were built, but only one was completed. That orbiter’s final appearance in public was at the 1989 Paris Air Show while carried on the back of an Antonov An-225.

After that, it was stored in a hangar at Baikonur. Sadly it was completely destroyed when the hangar collapsed in 2002 because of structural failure due to poor maintenance. The second, unfinished shuttle, the Burya, is located in a separate facility at the Baikonur cosmodrome. Its ownership is claimed by Kazakh businessman Dauren Musa, who has offered to return it to Russia in exchange for the skull of the last Kazakh Khan, a man named Kenesary Kasymov.

5. The Skylon really looks the business

spaceplanes skylon
Source: The University of Colorado

Spaceplanes are not the reserve of the United States or the former Soviet Union, even the British are having a go at making one. Called Skylon, the British aerospace company, Reaction Engines, is hoping to build what might be the sleekest design for a spaceplane ever seen. 

The company has been working on the project since the later-1980s when the official British spaceplane project for a Horizontal Take-Off and Landing (HOTOL) craft was canceled. 

The Skylon is an ultra-sleek, single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane that hopes to be a leading light in the reusable spacecraft seen. The craft will be powered by a Synergetic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine (Sabre) that uses hydrogen as fuel and should be able to propel a spaceplane like Skylon from zero to hypersonic speeds by using the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere.

The idea is for the engine to carry the craft to just the right velocity in the air and then finally into space with a little boost from the craft’s onboard storage of oxygen ? a little like a conventional rocket. 

At present, the company is focussing on the development of the main propulsion system ? the Sabre. The testbed engine is currently under development at a site at the foot of the Rocky Mountains, in Colorado, and has achieved simulated speeds of Mach 3.3. Engineers now hope to be able to push the engine up to Mach 5.5, which is more than 3,800 mph (6,200 km/h), or twice the cruising speed of the venerable Concorde and 50% faster than the SR-71 Blackbird. 

This speed also happens to be right at the boundary of the capability of most materials used in aircraft production. The endeavor is backed by some of the biggest names in aerospace including, but not limited to, Rolls-Royce, Boeing, British Aerospace, as well as the UK and European space agencies. 

6. RLV-TD is India’s gambit at making the future of space travel

spaceplanes RLV-TD
Source: Sivahari/Wikimedia Commons

RLV-TD is another interesting spaceplane concept currently under development in India. An uncrewed craft, the RLV-TD is seen as the testbed for a potential future spaceplane being developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). 

The prototype craft made its first successful atmospheric flight in May of 2016 and was able to stay aloft for 770 seconds and reach a maximum altitude of 40 miles (60 km). This prototype vehicle was designed to test various experimental technologies on the craft and to gather data for a planned final version in a decade or so’s time. 

The RLV-TD consists of its main fuselage, a nose cap, double delta wings, and twin vertical tail fins. Flight controls are provided by a set of symmetrically planed active control elevons and rudders. 

According to the ISRO, “this technology demonstrator was boosted to Mach no: 5 by a conventional solid booster (HS9) designed for low burn rate.  The selection of materials like special alloys, composites, and insulation materials for developing an RLV-TD and the crafting of its parts is very complex and demands highly skilled manpower.”

India’s ambitious spaceplane project has a series of objectives that it hopes to achieve in the not too distant future. These include, but are not limited to: 

The fully fleshed-out craft is expected to take off vertically like a rocket, reach Earth orbit to deliver its payload, renter Earth’s atmosphere, and finally, land on a conventional runway. It is also hoped that the craft will be able to cut the cost of spaceflight by a whopping 80% once fully operational. 

Future tests of the program will involve an air-drop test of the prototype to test the vehicle’s autonomous landing capabilities. While currently still in its research and development phase, the RLV-TD’s future is certainly looking bright. 

7. China are also getting in on the act with its Chongfu Shiyong Shiyan Hangtian Qi

spaceplanes china
Source: Homem do Espaco/Twitter

And finally, even the Chinese are having a go at making a spaceplane, too. Called the Chongfu Shiyong Shiyan Hangtian Qi (CSSHQ), roughly translated as the “Reusable Experimental Spacecraft”, this spaceplane marks China’s first-ever foray into developing anything of the kind. 

The prototype craft was successfully launched in September of 2020 from its launch site in the Gobi Desert in northwestern China, using a Long March-2F rocket. 

CSSHQ was able to reach low-Earth orbit, deploy a satellite, and then return safely to Earth at an airbase at Lop Nur. 

The Xinhua report provided no information about the exact launch time, landing location, or what technologies the spacecraft tested. However, it did reveal some tantalizing information on the craft and its mission: 

“The reusable spacecraft successfully launched by my country at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center successfully returned to the scheduled landing site on September 6, after flying in orbit for 2 days.”

The report added that “The successful flight marked the country?s important breakthrough in reusable spacecraft research and is expected to offer convenient and low-cost round-trip transport for the peaceful use of space.”

Other than that, precious little is known about the craft beyond its similarity to America’s X-37B. For this reason, experts have speculated that, like the X-37B, its development might have military ambitions rather than be purely scientific. 

And that spaceplane enthusiast is all for today. The development of spaceplanes has been something of an obsession over the last 50 years or so, but with pressure from the development of reusable rockets, a la SpaceX, is the fickle nature of funding slipping out of the fingers of spaceplanes? 

While the benefits of true spaceplanes are not really in doubt, the technical challenges to make them a reality is likely to stifle their development for some time to come. Whatever the case, rockets are very wasteful and take time to prepare for launch. 

If we are serious about making spaceflight a routine affair, then the development of spaceplanes will be an integral part of that. This is certainly a fascinating area of research to keep an eye on its future. 

We would love to thank the writer of this write-up for this outstanding material

Is the Future of Space Rocketless? These Spaceplanes Will Have You Believe So

) [summary] => A spaceplane is an advanced airplane that can not only fly in the Earth?s atmosphere but also in outer space. The technology has been in development for many decades, but as compared to conventional rocket engines, spaceplanes have not been able to see much success when it comes to space exploration. At least not yet.  ... Read more [atom_content] =>

A spaceplane is an advanced airplane that can not only fly in the Earth?s atmosphere but also in outer space. The technology has been in development for many decades, but as compared to conventional rocket engines, spaceplanes have not been able to see much success when it comes to space exploration.

At least not yet. 

However, many experts believe that spaceplanes have the potential to make space travel safer, more affordable, and more accessible than ever. The various limitations faced by rocket engines, concerning passenger capacity, reusability, operational cost, and launching infrastructure could be overcome by spaceplanes.

Let’s find out why. 

What is a spaceplane?

A spaceplane is something of a hybrid between a conventional atmospheric aircraft and a craft that can maneuver in outer space. To this end, existing and proposed examples of them tend to combine features, like wings, that allow them to fly or glide in the Earth’s atmosphere, while also being able to move around in the void of space. 

The archetype for such a craft would be the now-retired NASA space shuttles. 

To date, there are two main types of spaceplanes, or what can be considered “real spaceplanes”. The first, like the Space Shuttle, is a craft that can be strapped to a rocket to be carried into space. The second, and hardest by far to develop, would potentially not need a launch vehicle and could take off horizontally and reach space through a progressive trajectory.

The degree to which such craft incorporate features of spacecraft or atmospheric craft entirely depends on their intended use once out of the Earth’s atmosphere. For example, fully orbital-capable spaceplanes will tend to have more in common with more conventional spacecraft, while the suborbital kinds tend to be more akin to conventional fixed-wing aircraft in design. 

However, being something of a jack of all trades, such craft will also have some unique features exclusive to them. For example, the need to reenter the Earth’s atmosphere (and survive) means that such craft needs some special features typically absent on aircraft and only present on spacecraft designed to return to Earth. 

Apart from the need to get into space in the first place, spaceplanes need some form of renewable power supply once in orbit, as they can’t refuel. In most cases, this will involve the use of solar panels, batteries, or fuel cells. They also need the means to maneuver in space, provide life support for any crew, and have a way of communicating with the ground and other space-based craft/installations. 

They also need to be designed in such a way as to protect their delicate electronics and living occupants, safe from being bathed in solar radiation. Assuming, that is, that such craft will carry a living crew. 

For maneuvering in space, craft like the Space Shuttle had dedicated engines and maneuvering thrusters for propulsion and fine motor control of yaw, pitch, etc. 

For the Space Shuttle, these engines used a toxic substance called a hypergolic propellent, consisting of a fuel and an oxidizer, which requires very special handling precautions. Spaceplanes will require other gases, like helium for pressurization and nitrogen for life support, to be safely stored on board the craft. 

The re-entry process requires the craft to shed a lot of momentum very quickly, which inevitably produces a lot of heat. If no protection was provided to the craft during the process, it would quickly burn up. For this reason, most spaceplanes need to have some form of heat shielding on their underside ? like the Space Shuttle’s thermal protection system (TPS). 

To date, most existing spaceplanes tend to be primarily rocket-powered to get into orbit and then rely primarily on t their aerodynamic design to glide safely back to Terra Firma after reentry (usually unpowered).

The most notable examples of spaceplanes that have successfully launched into orbit (and returned to Earth) include the Space Shuttle, the Buran (a Russian version of the Space Shuttle), and the X-37, to name a few.

spaceplanes tourism
The Dream Chaser in low-Earth orbit. Source: Sierra Nevada Corporation

All of the existing, retired, and planned space planes tend to make use of vertical rocket launch vehicles to overcome Earth’s gravity, and this is unlikely to change for the foreseeable future. Some other launch strategies do exist, primarily high altitude, horizontal launch platforms from airborne carrier aircraft ? like the X-15 or SpaceShipOne. 

What are the benefits and drawbacks of spaceplanes?

One of the main benefits of spaceplanes is the fact that they would be, at least in theory, completely reusable. With a little maintenance pre-flight and refueling, of course. In theory, they should be able to provide frequent flights into space and back ? much like commercial airliners today. 

This is especially the case of a spaceplane that can be built that can take off and land using more conventional runways, rather than expensive rockets and rocket launch pads. 

For uses like space tourism, this would be an incredibly attractive possibility and one that could make leisure trips to space an actual reality for more than the super-wealthy. 

Another major benefit of spaceplanes is the ability to actually ferry stuff to and from space. This would prove very useful for repairing expensive orbiting spacecraft like satellites, space stations, or the Hubble Space Telescope, say. 

Then there is the more aggressive potential of spaceplanes. Theoretically, spaceplanes could be used to test military equipment or intercept enemy satellites in space. Some elements of spaceplanes also overlap with hypersonic weapons so, in theory, they may also be useful interceptors for hypersonic missiles

spaceplanes X-15
Early developments, like the X-15, paved the way for the spaceplane. Source: Andrews AFB

However, the potential for these craft relies on developers overcoming some very serious challenges for the technology.

One of the main drawbacks of developing spaceplanes is the fact that they are relatively expensive to develop. This is partly because of the fact that any craft needs to be able to survive frequent trips into and back from space. 

There is also the technological problem of combining space and atmospheric propulsion systems on the same craft. The difficulty of this problem should not be underestimated. 

Another major problem for spaceplanes is the, admittedly amazing, work of companies like SpaceX. The development of reuseable and recoverable rockets are, to no small degree, killing the motivation for the development of spaceplanes. 

Spaceplane development is not cheap, and with the reduced need to bring stuff back from space, like old satellites, there is an ever-shrinking need for them beyond possible space tourism or as a special kind of taxi service. 

Satellites, for example, are becoming increasingly cheaper to build and launch, and most are considered expendable once their useful life cycle is over. This is a trend that is unlikely to change, especially with the likes of SpaceX’s Starlink satellite program that consists of thousands of mass-produced, small satellites. 

However, even the likes of SpaceX’s rockets require some time to get ready for launch. A true spaceplane that can take off and land like a conventional aircraft, reach space, and return safely, would be an incredibly useful piece of technology.

spaceplanes spaceshipone
SpaceShipOne is just one of many failed spaceplane programs in history. Source: NASA

It might be the case that we need to wait a little more time for new propulsion systems to be developed before spaceplanes could ever become a reality. However, it will be interesting to see what the next few decades have in store for spaceplanes. 

But, in short, if all the problems with them can be overcome, they could completely rewrite space travel forever. Especially if coupled with other systems, like skyhooks. 

What are some examples of spaceplanes?

So, with that being said, let’s take a look at some of the most notable examples of spaceplanes from past, present, and future. Here we will only consider examples of spaceplanes that have actually entered orbit and returned to Earth, or those that are being designed to provide that capability (sorry X-15). 

The following list is not exhaustive and is in no particular order. 

1. The Space Shuttle was the most successful spaceplane to date

spaceplanes space shuttle
Source: David Yu/Flickr

Of all the spaceplane concepts and programs to date, by far the most successful was NASA’s Space Shuttle program. Designated as a “partially reusable” low-Earth orbital spacecraft, several were built and the program completed 135 missions between 1981 and its final retirement in 2011. 

Officially called the Space Transportation System (STS), the program can trace its origins to the 1960s, with NASA’s plan for a system of reusable spacecraft. After years of research and development, the STS program was eventually given the green light in the early-1980s. 

In total, six space shuttles were built with all accumulating a total of 135 space missions throughout the program’s duration. The first, the Enterprise, was built in the mid-1970s and was used mainly for Approach and LAnding tests, she had, therefore, no orbital capability. The other four operational orbiters were the Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, and Atlantis

Of these, only two now remain, with the Challenger and Columbia lost under very tragic circumstances. Not only were the craft lost, but these accidents cost the lives of 14 brave astronauts – much to the horror of the world. In 1991, a sixth and final orbiter, the Endeavour, was built to replace the then recently lost Challenger. 

Operational missions for the craft ranged from the deployment of satellites, interplanetary probes, ferrying of scientific apparatus (like the Hubble Space Telescope), helping build and ferry crew back and forth to the International Space Station, conducting low-Earth orbit experiments, and adding its considerable weight to the Shuttle-Mir program with Russia.  

All-in-all, the Space Shuttle fleet’s total mission time was 1,322 days, 19 hours, 21 minutes, and 23 seconds. The STS system required the use of a vertical launch vehicle to actually get the Orbiter Vehicle (the shuttle) into space and consisted of a pair of recoverable booster solid rockets, and a large expendable fuel tank of liquid hydrogen and oxygen to fuel the boosters. These boost rockets would work in tandem with the shuttle’s own three main engines to get the orbiter off the ground.

Despite the program’s successes, all surviving craft were finally grounded in 2011, after which NASA relied on Russian Soyuz spacecraft to ferry astronauts and material to the ISS. That was until the launch of SpaceX’s Dragon missions. 

2. Dreamchaser is an interesting development

spaceplane dream chaser
Source: NASA/Flickr

Currently under development by Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) Space Systems, the Dream Chaser is a modern example of a spaceplane under development. Called “America’s Spaceplane” by Sierra Nevada Corporation, the Dream Chaser is intended for use as a multi-mission, space utility vehicle. 

Designed as a potential reusable, lifting-body spaceplane, the craft was originally designed as a crewed vehicle. However, the current craft under development is primarily to be used as an unmanned cargo transporter. Once operational, a crewed variant is in the works that will be capable of carrying up to seven people, with less cargo, into low-Earth orbit. 

NASA selected the Dream Chaser spaceplane to provide cargo delivery, return, and disposal services for the International Space Station under the Commercial Resupply Services 2 (CRS-2) contract. Under this agreement, Dream Chaser will provide a minimum of six cargo service missions to and from the space station.

Currently, Dream Chaser is able to deliver 5.5 tons of pressurized and unpressurized cargo, which can include a myriad of items, from food, to water, to science equipment, and everything in between. So long as the payload can be packaged and tucked inside the craft, it can, in theory, be delivered to space. She can also return to Earth carrying material or waste materials as a kind of space-to-Earth disposal vehicle. 

Like the Space Shuttle that preceded it, Dream Chaser requires the use of a vertical launch vehicle to actually get into space. This is currently provided using the Vulcan Centaur rocket. However, Dream Chaser’s unique selling point is the flexibility of its design to be mounted, theoretically, on a variety of launch vehicles. 

A European Space Agency (ESA) variant has also been proposed that would piggyback on an Arianespace vehicle, but this is yet to be realized. After completing its supply missions, the Dream Chaser is then able to autonomously land horizontally on conventional runways. 

To date, Dream Chaser has completed several key milestones in its development, but is yet to supply the ISS for real. 

3. Little is know about the X-37B 

spaceplanes x37b
Source: U.S. Air Force

One of the most interesting spaceplanes currently under development is NASA’s semi-mysterious X-37B. An unmanned spacecraft, it has, to date, completed a series of test flights carrying undisclosed payloads on long-duration flights in Earth’s orbit. 

Development of the craft began in the late-1990s, with two initial vehicles planned: an “Approach and Landing Test Vehicle (ALTV)”, and an “Orbital Vehicle”. In 2004, the program was transferred to the U.S. Military under the governance of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). At that point, X-37B became a classified project. 

The craft resembles, in passing, the venerable Space Shuttle, but is much smaller, at around 29 feet (8.8 meters) long and 9.5 feet (2.9 m) tall, with a wingspan just less than 15 feet (4.6 m). At launch, it weighs 11,000 lbs. (4,990 kilograms). She can operate at altitudes of between 110 to 500 miles (177 to 805 km).

Her cargo/payload bay is pretty impressive for the craft’s size, at 7 feet long by 4 feet wide (2.1 by 1.2 m) ? about the size of a pickup truck bed. However, and we stress this, what it is designed to carry is a closely guarded secret. 

“The primary objectives of the X-37B are twofold: reusable spacecraft technologies for America’s future in space and operating experiments which can be returned to and examined on Earth,” states an X-37B fact sheet produced by the Air Force.

The X-37B, like its Space Shuttle predecessor, is primarily solar-powered and is able to launch vertically using a rocket-powered vertical launch vehicle. Once its orbital mission is complete, the X-37B reenters the Earth’s atmosphere and cruises back to Earth to land like a conventional aircraft. 

NASA’s original ambitions for the Approach and Landing Test Vehicle phase of the project were completed by 2006, with a series of captive-carry and free-flight tests completed successfully. The “Orbital Vehicle” part of the original project was, as far as we know, never realized, but it served to inspire the design of the current X-37B. 

The X-37B program is now run by the Air Force’s “Rapid Capabilities Office”, with mission control for orbital flights based at the 3rd Space Experimentation Squadron at Schriever Air Force Base in Colorado. The spaceplanes are being built by Boeing’s Phantom Works division. 

4. The Buran was Russia’s answer to the Space Shuttle

spaceplanes the buran
Source: Daniel Mennerich/Flickr

Developed during the 1970s, the Buran program, also known as the “VKK Space Orbiter program”, was basically a Soviet version of the much more successful Space Shuttle. Designed at the Central Aerohydromdynamic Institute of Moscow, the program finally came to a close with the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s. 

The Buran program, much like the American Space Shuttle, consisted of the orbiter spaceplane, the K1, and its launch vehicle. It completed a single uncrewed spaceflight in 1988 and is, to date, the only such spacecraft to successfully touch down under automatic control, something NASA’s space shuttle was not designed to do.

The K1 orbiter spaceplane ostensibly resembled the much more famous Space Shuttle and was lifted into space using expendable rockets. One key difference between the Buran system and NASA’s is that only the K1 orbiter was recoverable, its entire launch vehicle, an Energia rocket, was completely sacrificial. 

Buran was, by far, the most expensive endeavor of the Soviet Space program and one that ultimately was not successful. Two shuttles were built, but only one was completed. That orbiter’s final appearance in public was at the 1989 Paris Air Show while carried on the back of an Antonov An-225.

After that, it was stored in a hangar at Baikonur. Sadly it was completely destroyed when the hangar collapsed in 2002 because of structural failure due to poor maintenance. The second, unfinished shuttle, the Burya, is located in a separate facility at the Baikonur cosmodrome. Its ownership is claimed by Kazakh businessman Dauren Musa, who has offered to return it to Russia in exchange for the skull of the last Kazakh Khan, a man named Kenesary Kasymov.

5. The Skylon really looks the business

spaceplanes skylon
Source: The University of Colorado

Spaceplanes are not the reserve of the United States or the former Soviet Union, even the British are having a go at making one. Called Skylon, the British aerospace company, Reaction Engines, is hoping to build what might be the sleekest design for a spaceplane ever seen. 

The company has been working on the project since the later-1980s when the official British spaceplane project for a Horizontal Take-Off and Landing (HOTOL) craft was canceled. 

The Skylon is an ultra-sleek, single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane that hopes to be a leading light in the reusable spacecraft seen. The craft will be powered by a Synergetic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine (Sabre) that uses hydrogen as fuel and should be able to propel a spaceplane like Skylon from zero to hypersonic speeds by using the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere.

The idea is for the engine to carry the craft to just the right velocity in the air and then finally into space with a little boost from the craft’s onboard storage of oxygen ? a little like a conventional rocket. 

At present, the company is focussing on the development of the main propulsion system ? the Sabre. The testbed engine is currently under development at a site at the foot of the Rocky Mountains, in Colorado, and has achieved simulated speeds of Mach 3.3. Engineers now hope to be able to push the engine up to Mach 5.5, which is more than 3,800 mph (6,200 km/h), or twice the cruising speed of the venerable Concorde and 50% faster than the SR-71 Blackbird. 

This speed also happens to be right at the boundary of the capability of most materials used in aircraft production. The endeavor is backed by some of the biggest names in aerospace including, but not limited to, Rolls-Royce, Boeing, British Aerospace, as well as the UK and European space agencies. 

6. RLV-TD is India’s gambit at making the future of space travel

spaceplanes RLV-TD
Source: Sivahari/Wikimedia Commons

RLV-TD is another interesting spaceplane concept currently under development in India. An uncrewed craft, the RLV-TD is seen as the testbed for a potential future spaceplane being developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). 

The prototype craft made its first successful atmospheric flight in May of 2016 and was able to stay aloft for 770 seconds and reach a maximum altitude of 40 miles (60 km). This prototype vehicle was designed to test various experimental technologies on the craft and to gather data for a planned final version in a decade or so’s time. 

The RLV-TD consists of its main fuselage, a nose cap, double delta wings, and twin vertical tail fins. Flight controls are provided by a set of symmetrically planed active control elevons and rudders. 

According to the ISRO, “this technology demonstrator was boosted to Mach no: 5 by a conventional solid booster (HS9) designed for low burn rate.  The selection of materials like special alloys, composites, and insulation materials for developing an RLV-TD and the crafting of its parts is very complex and demands highly skilled manpower.”

India’s ambitious spaceplane project has a series of objectives that it hopes to achieve in the not too distant future. These include, but are not limited to: 

The fully fleshed-out craft is expected to take off vertically like a rocket, reach Earth orbit to deliver its payload, renter Earth’s atmosphere, and finally, land on a conventional runway. It is also hoped that the craft will be able to cut the cost of spaceflight by a whopping 80% once fully operational. 

Future tests of the program will involve an air-drop test of the prototype to test the vehicle’s autonomous landing capabilities. While currently still in its research and development phase, the RLV-TD’s future is certainly looking bright. 

7. China are also getting in on the act with its Chongfu Shiyong Shiyan Hangtian Qi

spaceplanes china
Source: Homem do Espaco/Twitter

And finally, even the Chinese are having a go at making a spaceplane, too. Called the Chongfu Shiyong Shiyan Hangtian Qi (CSSHQ), roughly translated as the “Reusable Experimental Spacecraft”, this spaceplane marks China’s first-ever foray into developing anything of the kind. 

The prototype craft was successfully launched in September of 2020 from its launch site in the Gobi Desert in northwestern China, using a Long March-2F rocket. 

CSSHQ was able to reach low-Earth orbit, deploy a satellite, and then return safely to Earth at an airbase at Lop Nur. 

The Xinhua report provided no information about the exact launch time, landing location, or what technologies the spacecraft tested. However, it did reveal some tantalizing information on the craft and its mission: 

“The reusable spacecraft successfully launched by my country at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center successfully returned to the scheduled landing site on September 6, after flying in orbit for 2 days.”

The report added that “The successful flight marked the country?s important breakthrough in reusable spacecraft research and is expected to offer convenient and low-cost round-trip transport for the peaceful use of space.”

Other than that, precious little is known about the craft beyond its similarity to America’s X-37B. For this reason, experts have speculated that, like the X-37B, its development might have military ambitions rather than be purely scientific. 

And that spaceplane enthusiast is all for today. The development of spaceplanes has been something of an obsession over the last 50 years or so, but with pressure from the development of reusable rockets, a la SpaceX, is the fickle nature of funding slipping out of the fingers of spaceplanes? 

While the benefits of true spaceplanes are not really in doubt, the technical challenges to make them a reality is likely to stifle their development for some time to come. Whatever the case, rockets are very wasteful and take time to prepare for launch. 

If we are serious about making spaceflight a routine affair, then the development of spaceplanes will be an integral part of that. This is certainly a fascinating area of research to keep an eye on its future. 

We would love to thank the writer of this write-up for this outstanding material

Is the Future of Space Rocketless? These Spaceplanes Will Have You Believe So

[date_timestamp] => 1635346388 ) [6] => Array ( [title] => Cracking the case of how one of the earliest predators hunted [link] => https://bofads.com/cracking-the-case-of-how-one-of-the-earliest-predators-hunted/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 14:51:47 +0000 [category] => Health And ScienceCrackingearliesthuntedpredators [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=3999 [description] => Anomalocaris canadensis, thought to be one of the first predator animals, is one of those early swimmers. But paleontologists are still working out how exactly it hunted. New research, which will be presented at the Geological Society of America?s Connects 2021 annual meeting on Wednesday, aims to define how exactly this animal used its long, ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Anomalocaris canadensis, thought to be one of the first predator animals, is one of those early swimmers. But paleontologists are still working out how exactly it hunted. New research, which will be presented at the Geological Society of America?s Connects 2021 annual meeting on Wednesday, aims to define how exactly this animal used its long, spider-like front appendages to hunt.

With the mouth of a barnacle, the swimming style of a cuttlefish, the front legs of a spider, and the overall feel of a giant shrimp, the 50-centimeter A. canadensis is the poster child for the evolutionary test factory that was the Cambrian period (542 to 485 million years ago). The ?weird shrimp,? which is a rough translation of the animal?s Latin name, is preserved in the Burgess Shale, a paleontological site known for exceptional preservation of soft-bodied organisms. The unique ancient environment provides scientists today with valuable insights into early animals like A. canadensis, whose soft body parts are difficult to preserve.

?As a complete animal, there really isn?t anything today that is moderately comparable. However, if we split it up into major components, we can find useful modern analogues,? said Russell Bicknell, an evolutionary paleontologist at the University of New England in Australia who is presenting the work.

In paleontology, there is a longstanding idea that A. canadensis could have been responsible for some of the scarred and crushed trilobite exoskeletons found during its time. But the animal was essentially soft-bodied, meaning it lacked the hard exoskeleton ?armor? of some of its contemporaries (such as trilobites). That raises questions over if, and how, the ?soft and squishy? A. canadensis could have hunted armored prey.

After reconstructing A. canadensis in 3D and micro-CT scanning two modern animals with relatively similar frontal appendages, whip spiders and whip scorpions, Bicknell and his colleagues used detailed, 3D modeling to stretch and contract A. canadensis?s front appendages, the ?legs? thought to have been used for grabbing prey. They can do so by relying on the geometry of the segmented fossil parts.

?In the model, I move each segment sequentially, and I only stop when something is effectively impaling another part of the body. So we are using the shapes to effectively put limitations on its range of motion,? Bicknell said. Once the range of motion was established, they compared it to movements to modern scorpions and spiders with similar appendages.

?That comparison of maximum extension and minimum rolling to modern forms is how we were able to confidently demonstrate that these animals definitely used their appendages to grab things,? Bicknell said.

However, it?s not enough to simply establish a range of motion; there?s a question of strength, too. Now, Bicknell and his colleagues are virtually applying muscles to the 3D model to understand the limits of the appendages in grabbing. By using this biomechanical approach, they can test whether the limbs had the strength to crack and crush shells. The model results will help determine, after all these years, whether A. canadensis could have been a trilobite hunter.

For Bicknell, the whole effort is a deep dive into the weird, wonderful world of early animal life. ?Anomalocaris epitomizes the Cambrian when life was like, ?I?m going to stick things together and see what we get. Is this how we build a predator?’? he said. ?It really showcases that life was in this highly dynamic place where evolution was effectively trying to produce animals to fill up all these ecological niches that had developed.?

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this post for this amazing material

Cracking the case of how one of the earliest predators hunted

) [summary] => Anomalocaris canadensis, thought to be one of the first predator animals, is one of those early swimmers. But paleontologists are still working out how exactly it hunted. New research, which will be presented at the Geological Society of America?s Connects 2021 annual meeting on Wednesday, aims to define how exactly this animal used its long, ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Anomalocaris canadensis, thought to be one of the first predator animals, is one of those early swimmers. But paleontologists are still working out how exactly it hunted. New research, which will be presented at the Geological Society of America?s Connects 2021 annual meeting on Wednesday, aims to define how exactly this animal used its long, spider-like front appendages to hunt.

With the mouth of a barnacle, the swimming style of a cuttlefish, the front legs of a spider, and the overall feel of a giant shrimp, the 50-centimeter A. canadensis is the poster child for the evolutionary test factory that was the Cambrian period (542 to 485 million years ago). The ?weird shrimp,? which is a rough translation of the animal?s Latin name, is preserved in the Burgess Shale, a paleontological site known for exceptional preservation of soft-bodied organisms. The unique ancient environment provides scientists today with valuable insights into early animals like A. canadensis, whose soft body parts are difficult to preserve.

?As a complete animal, there really isn?t anything today that is moderately comparable. However, if we split it up into major components, we can find useful modern analogues,? said Russell Bicknell, an evolutionary paleontologist at the University of New England in Australia who is presenting the work.

In paleontology, there is a longstanding idea that A. canadensis could have been responsible for some of the scarred and crushed trilobite exoskeletons found during its time. But the animal was essentially soft-bodied, meaning it lacked the hard exoskeleton ?armor? of some of its contemporaries (such as trilobites). That raises questions over if, and how, the ?soft and squishy? A. canadensis could have hunted armored prey.

After reconstructing A. canadensis in 3D and micro-CT scanning two modern animals with relatively similar frontal appendages, whip spiders and whip scorpions, Bicknell and his colleagues used detailed, 3D modeling to stretch and contract A. canadensis?s front appendages, the ?legs? thought to have been used for grabbing prey. They can do so by relying on the geometry of the segmented fossil parts.

?In the model, I move each segment sequentially, and I only stop when something is effectively impaling another part of the body. So we are using the shapes to effectively put limitations on its range of motion,? Bicknell said. Once the range of motion was established, they compared it to movements to modern scorpions and spiders with similar appendages.

?That comparison of maximum extension and minimum rolling to modern forms is how we were able to confidently demonstrate that these animals definitely used their appendages to grab things,? Bicknell said.

However, it?s not enough to simply establish a range of motion; there?s a question of strength, too. Now, Bicknell and his colleagues are virtually applying muscles to the 3D model to understand the limits of the appendages in grabbing. By using this biomechanical approach, they can test whether the limbs had the strength to crack and crush shells. The model results will help determine, after all these years, whether A. canadensis could have been a trilobite hunter.

For Bicknell, the whole effort is a deep dive into the weird, wonderful world of early animal life. ?Anomalocaris epitomizes the Cambrian when life was like, ?I?m going to stick things together and see what we get. Is this how we build a predator?’? he said. ?It really showcases that life was in this highly dynamic place where evolution was effectively trying to produce animals to fill up all these ecological niches that had developed.?

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this post for this amazing material

Cracking the case of how one of the earliest predators hunted

[date_timestamp] => 1635346307 ) [7] => Array ( [title] => Automotive fleets are moving towards electric [link] => https://bofads.com/automotive-fleets-are-moving-towards-electric/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Sally Scully ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 14:48:13 +0000 [category] => PlanetAutomotiveelectricfleetsmoving [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=3993 [description] => NINI THE QUAIL The message seeks to mobilize economic decision-makers on the occasion of COP26. According to Tex Gunning, president of LeasePlan, ?Business leaders must take full responsibility for combating climate change. And switching to an electric fleet is one of the easiest and most efficient ways to make a difference ?. The long-term rental ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The message seeks to mobilize economic decision-makers on the occasion of COP26. According to Tex Gunning, president of LeasePlan, ?Business leaders must take full responsibility for combating climate change. And switching to an electric fleet is one of the easiest and most efficient ways to make a difference ?.

The long-term rental company manages 1.8 million vehicles in twenty-eight countries and has just carried out a study which indicates the avenues to follow to green the fleets. According to the findings of this survey, six out of ten cars sold in Europe are company vehicles. In 2019, nearly 96% of registrations of this type of vehicle ran on diesel or gasoline. Another eloquent figure is that company vehicles run an average of 2.25 times more than private cars. According to the experts interviewed by LeasePlan, electrification is the most advantageous solution in terms of reducing emissions from transport.

In fact, the electrification of fleets is already underway, with visible effects. When global transport emissions have increased by an average of 1.9% per year since 2000, they increased by less than 0.5% in 2019. LeasePlan is already acting on its own fleet and is committed to achieving carbon neutrality for the entire park it finances by 2030.

Electricity represents one in three sales

During the first half of 2021, Arval, one of the main long-term rental companies in the world, devoted 26% of its deliveries to electric and hybrid. At the end of June 2021, the BNP Paribas subsidiary’s fleet numbered 154,402 electrified vehicles, an increase of 83% compared to the same period of 2020. For its part, ALD Automotive has just launched a long-term rental offer. (LLD) for the entire Tesla range. This offer is aimed at companies of all sizes and covers sixteen countries across Europe.

In France, at the rental company ALD Automotive, one in four registered vehicles has plug-in hybrid or 100% electric technology. At the end of August and on a rolling year, electrified vehicles represented 30% of LeasePlan’s starts in France.

Payable every year, the tax on company vehicles favors electric vehicles which are exempt from it

According to statements from AAA Data, a specialist in automotive data, sales of electric vehicles to businesses jumped 62% over the first nine months of the year. Over this period, these low-emission vehicles represented 6% of registrations made with this clientele. As for hybrid models, their volumes remain stable compared to 2020 and mobilize 26% of the market. Combined, electric and hybrid take 32% of the market share. In 2017, this percentage was limited to 5% when, in 2019, before the health crisis, it peaked at 10%.

You have 48.23% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We want to thank the author of this post for this amazing web content

Automotive fleets are moving towards electric

) [summary] => NINI THE QUAIL The message seeks to mobilize economic decision-makers on the occasion of COP26. According to Tex Gunning, president of LeasePlan, ?Business leaders must take full responsibility for combating climate change. And switching to an electric fleet is one of the easiest and most efficient ways to make a difference ?. The long-term rental ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The message seeks to mobilize economic decision-makers on the occasion of COP26. According to Tex Gunning, president of LeasePlan, ?Business leaders must take full responsibility for combating climate change. And switching to an electric fleet is one of the easiest and most efficient ways to make a difference ?.

The long-term rental company manages 1.8 million vehicles in twenty-eight countries and has just carried out a study which indicates the avenues to follow to green the fleets. According to the findings of this survey, six out of ten cars sold in Europe are company vehicles. In 2019, nearly 96% of registrations of this type of vehicle ran on diesel or gasoline. Another eloquent figure is that company vehicles run an average of 2.25 times more than private cars. According to the experts interviewed by LeasePlan, electrification is the most advantageous solution in terms of reducing emissions from transport.

In fact, the electrification of fleets is already underway, with visible effects. When global transport emissions have increased by an average of 1.9% per year since 2000, they increased by less than 0.5% in 2019. LeasePlan is already acting on its own fleet and is committed to achieving carbon neutrality for the entire park it finances by 2030.

Electricity represents one in three sales

During the first half of 2021, Arval, one of the main long-term rental companies in the world, devoted 26% of its deliveries to electric and hybrid. At the end of June 2021, the BNP Paribas subsidiary’s fleet numbered 154,402 electrified vehicles, an increase of 83% compared to the same period of 2020. For its part, ALD Automotive has just launched a long-term rental offer. (LLD) for the entire Tesla range. This offer is aimed at companies of all sizes and covers sixteen countries across Europe.

In France, at the rental company ALD Automotive, one in four registered vehicles has plug-in hybrid or 100% electric technology. At the end of August and on a rolling year, electrified vehicles represented 30% of LeasePlan’s starts in France.

Payable every year, the tax on company vehicles favors electric vehicles which are exempt from it

According to statements from AAA Data, a specialist in automotive data, sales of electric vehicles to businesses jumped 62% over the first nine months of the year. Over this period, these low-emission vehicles represented 6% of registrations made with this clientele. As for hybrid models, their volumes remain stable compared to 2020 and mobilize 26% of the market. Combined, electric and hybrid take 32% of the market share. In 2017, this percentage was limited to 5% when, in 2019, before the health crisis, it peaked at 10%.

You have 48.23% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We want to thank the author of this post for this amazing web content

Automotive fleets are moving towards electric

[date_timestamp] => 1635346093 ) [8] => Array ( [title] => Billie Eilish fashion. the singer?s changes during her career [link] => https://bofads.com/billie-eilish-fashion-the-singers-changes-during-her-career/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Paula Hooper ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 14:40:10 +0000 [category] => MusicBilliecareerEilishfashionsingers [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=3987 [description] => short Music Non Stop no Facebook With a record of one million likes in six minutes, the photo of Billie Eilish who introduced her blonde hair to the world marked the beginning of a new era in the career of the American singer. At age 19, two albums and multiple Grammys, Billie moves into a ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

With a record of one million likes in six minutes, the photo of Billie Eilish who introduced her blonde hair to the world marked the beginning of a new era in the career of the American singer. At age 19, two albums and multiple Grammys, Billie moves into a new era, exploring a new style and visual identity.

After releasing their first single, ?Ocean Eyes?, on SoundCloud, in 2016, the singer’s career took flight. His musical productions gained great popularity, ensuring his fame as a young pop star, and within that category of famous, one of the things that caught the attention was his style.

Breaking expectations, the singer developed a style devoid of exaggerated sensuality. Much is discussed about this choice, one of the topics being his young age, the intention to avoid sexualization and even his own insecurity about his body. The new age, in turn, embraces this aspect of Billie.

the change

With the famous blonde hair and talking about her second album, the singer made a cameo on the show ?The Ellen DeGeneres Show?, where he explained the inspiration behind the change.

?I’ve wanted to be a blonde for a while? I don’t know what happened. I saw a fan montage of when I had green hair. It was like me, with the hair color I had at the time, and they edited it to blonde, and I was like, ‘Wow, this is awesome! I want!'”

And, with the change in hair, came the change in aesthetics. In May, the singer did a rehearsal for British Vogue, featuring a style inspired by 20th century pin-ups and boudoir aesthetics. Pastel colors, sensuality and a cleaner style now dominate its visual identity.

pop identity

As expected of pop artists since David Bowie’s achievements as pop’s chameleon, the aesthetic has also come with a change in musical style. On the new album, ?Happier Than Ever?, Billie explores even more intensely her relationship with music as a way to express herself beyond the expectations placed on young pop artists.

For her, music can be danceable and, at the same time, talk about deep issues. Much of the music on the new album speaks of her relationship with her own body and her right to her own image.

The artist already addressed these issues in her first album, ?When We All Fall Asleep, Where Do We Go??, and at the time her style was built from hip hop influences, always wearing oversized and genderless clothes.

Billie has always been a fan of logomania, and her looks are composed by her, with the help of stylists. The singer even developed the ability to customize t-shirts ? all in search of personal expression. Art has raw meaning in your hands, whether in music or visuals.

Billie was recently confirmed on the Glastonbury 2022 lineup, becoming the youngest artist to headline the festival. The news was confirmed on Monday, the 4th, through the Twitter of Emily Eavis, organizer of the event.

The feat enters the list of achievements of the pop phenomenon, which, in 2020, was the youngest and only woman to take Album of the Year, Record of the Year, Best New Artist and Song of the Year ? the four main Grammy awards. Billie continues in her new phase making music history and inspiring generations of new artists.

We wish to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this outstanding web content

Billie Eilish fashion. the singer’s changes during her career

) [summary] => short Music Non Stop no Facebook With a record of one million likes in six minutes, the photo of Billie Eilish who introduced her blonde hair to the world marked the beginning of a new era in the career of the American singer. At age 19, two albums and multiple Grammys, Billie moves into a ... Read more [atom_content] =>

With a record of one million likes in six minutes, the photo of Billie Eilish who introduced her blonde hair to the world marked the beginning of a new era in the career of the American singer. At age 19, two albums and multiple Grammys, Billie moves into a new era, exploring a new style and visual identity.

After releasing their first single, ?Ocean Eyes?, on SoundCloud, in 2016, the singer’s career took flight. His musical productions gained great popularity, ensuring his fame as a young pop star, and within that category of famous, one of the things that caught the attention was his style.

Breaking expectations, the singer developed a style devoid of exaggerated sensuality. Much is discussed about this choice, one of the topics being his young age, the intention to avoid sexualization and even his own insecurity about his body. The new age, in turn, embraces this aspect of Billie.

the change

With the famous blonde hair and talking about her second album, the singer made a cameo on the show ?The Ellen DeGeneres Show?, where he explained the inspiration behind the change.

?I’ve wanted to be a blonde for a while? I don’t know what happened. I saw a fan montage of when I had green hair. It was like me, with the hair color I had at the time, and they edited it to blonde, and I was like, ‘Wow, this is awesome! I want!'”

And, with the change in hair, came the change in aesthetics. In May, the singer did a rehearsal for British Vogue, featuring a style inspired by 20th century pin-ups and boudoir aesthetics. Pastel colors, sensuality and a cleaner style now dominate its visual identity.

pop identity

As expected of pop artists since David Bowie’s achievements as pop’s chameleon, the aesthetic has also come with a change in musical style. On the new album, ?Happier Than Ever?, Billie explores even more intensely her relationship with music as a way to express herself beyond the expectations placed on young pop artists.

For her, music can be danceable and, at the same time, talk about deep issues. Much of the music on the new album speaks of her relationship with her own body and her right to her own image.

The artist already addressed these issues in her first album, ?When We All Fall Asleep, Where Do We Go??, and at the time her style was built from hip hop influences, always wearing oversized and genderless clothes.

Billie has always been a fan of logomania, and her looks are composed by her, with the help of stylists. The singer even developed the ability to customize t-shirts ? all in search of personal expression. Art has raw meaning in your hands, whether in music or visuals.

Billie was recently confirmed on the Glastonbury 2022 lineup, becoming the youngest artist to headline the festival. The news was confirmed on Monday, the 4th, through the Twitter of Emily Eavis, organizer of the event.

The feat enters the list of achievements of the pop phenomenon, which, in 2020, was the youngest and only woman to take Album of the Year, Record of the Year, Best New Artist and Song of the Year ? the four main Grammy awards. Billie continues in her new phase making music history and inspiring generations of new artists.

We wish to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this outstanding web content

Billie Eilish fashion. the singer’s changes during her career

[date_timestamp] => 1635345610 ) [9] => Array ( [title] => Former national player Assimiou Touré works as a scout for Bayer Leverkusen [link] => https://bofads.com/former-national-player-assimiou-toure-works-as-a-scout-for-bayer-leverkusen/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Moonlky ) [pubdate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 14:37:09 +0000 [category] => SportAssimiouBayerLeverkusennationalplayerscoutTouré [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=3983 [description] => It was January 8, 2010 in the border area between the Congo and Angola. The national soccer team of Togo was on the bus and was on its way to the Africa Cup, which would take place in Angola that year. The group was driving in two vehicles through wooded area when it suddenly hailed ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

It was January 8, 2010 in the border area between the Congo and Angola. The national soccer team of Togo was on the bus and was on its way to the Africa Cup, which would take place in Angola that year. The group was driving in two vehicles through wooded area when it suddenly hailed on the sheet metal of the team bus. “Hail in Africa – I thought for a moment: That doesn’t exist”, Assimiou Touré remembers the worst day of his life.

In the aisle of the bus stood the assistant coach and the team’s press officer, next to goalkeeper Kodjovi Obilale, who were chatting animatedly. Suddenly all three of them slumped and fell to the floor. “Only then did I notice that it was projectiles that were falling on us“, says Touré. Panic broke out, the players threw themselves on the ground. Outside, attacking rebels from the region fought wildly with security forces before they could be routed.

Survived terrorist attack in Angola

What remained was a traumatized Togolese national team. Two team members did not survive the attack, and there were also numerous injuries. The team was transported back to their Togolese homeland head over heels, and in the end, the West Africans were sanctioned by the African football association CAF for not taking part in the Africa Cup. “Africa“, groans Assimiou Touré in retrospect:”We in Europe cannot imagine dealing with such a situation in this way.

Touré has lived in Germany since he was five. He moved with his mother and grew up in a refugee home in Bergneustadt, North Rhine-Westphalia. His footballing talent quickly became apparent, and he was soon accepted into the youth department of Bayer Leverkusen, where he eventually became a professional at the age of 18.

“I became a Cologne boy”

“I have found a home in Germany and I feel absolutely German” says Touré, who can hardly hide his Rhenish dialect in conversation. “I became a Cologne boy”, says Touré, who has come to appreciate the Rhinelander art: “The way of living and working here is something very special”, said is. “Even when the work is hard, someone is always by your side and says: “ Come on, young, a little bit, you can do it. And lo and behold: I would still have jot jejange. “

Tourés’s football career also went relatively well: After making two short appearances in the Bundesliga for Bayer Leverkusen, he moved to VfL Osnabrück, was with Arminia Bielefeld and finally ended his career in Babelsberg, Uerdingen and Bonn. In the meantime he became a national player for Togo and took part in the 2006 World Cup in Germany for the country of his roots before the terrorist attack in Angola ended his international career.

After being injured: Parcels hauling at Cologne Airport

The fact that it wasn’t enough to do more had something to do with a broken tibia and fibula, which Touré suffered in 2007 in a game with VfL Osnabrück at FC St. Pauli. “I was out for about a year and a half and actually wasn’t really the same anymore”says the 33-year-old today.

His active time as a professional footballer was nowhere near enough to create a comfortable financial cushion for himself. In 2016 he officially ended his professional career, Touré had to look for a “normal” job at the age of 28. He worked at the Cologne-Bonn airport for a parcel service company, he only played football with friends of his amateurs.

Back to Bayer Leverkusen by chance

Touré was out of professional activity – until a coincidence brought him back to Bayer Leverkusen. At a friend’s wedding, he met Frank Dittkens, an old acquaintance from Bayer times. Dittkens was meanwhile employed as a teacher in Leverkusen’s youth department and remembered Touré’s good eye for talent and, above all, his good relationship with young people. The Bayer world opened up again to Touré, he sniffed into youth training and scouting.

Touré is now employed full-time as a Bayer youth scout – you trust your skills. “I’m pretty good at dealing with young footballers”, says Touré, who is particularly convinced of the development of young footballers with a migration background: “I believe that in around five years, considerably more young footballers who have moved here will make the leap into Germany’s professional field.”, said is. “Many boys are highly talented and are now much better looked after and trained more effectively than before”he observes.

Daily fight against racism

Touré recently wrote down his experiences with Togo’s national team and his career in Germany in a book. “First home, then home” is the name of the work, “My life as a German” is the subtitle. “I am extremely grateful to be allowed to be German. The country has wonderful values”, he says. At the same time, he fights against racism almost every day in the country of his choice: “Nobody can choose where to be born. Mutual respect is the only answer to all questions about racist tendencies”, he finds.

Touré’s dream would be to be able to advance football training in the country of his roots in the long term. “There are countless talents in Togo. You just have to systematically install training concepts like in Europe. Then football could take a huge leap there.”he thinks. He would like to help, but doesn’t think the time has come yet: “I would like to take my next steps first here in Germany. Then – hopefully – I can get involved in Togo one day.”


Stand: 27.10.2021, 07:38

We wish to give thanks to the writer of this write-up for this amazing material

Former national player Assimiou Touré works as a scout for Bayer Leverkusen

) [summary] => It was January 8, 2010 in the border area between the Congo and Angola. The national soccer team of Togo was on the bus and was on its way to the Africa Cup, which would take place in Angola that year. The group was driving in two vehicles through wooded area when it suddenly hailed ... Read more [atom_content] =>

It was January 8, 2010 in the border area between the Congo and Angola. The national soccer team of Togo was on the bus and was on its way to the Africa Cup, which would take place in Angola that year. The group was driving in two vehicles through wooded area when it suddenly hailed on the sheet metal of the team bus. “Hail in Africa – I thought for a moment: That doesn’t exist”, Assimiou Touré remembers the worst day of his life.

In the aisle of the bus stood the assistant coach and the team’s press officer, next to goalkeeper Kodjovi Obilale, who were chatting animatedly. Suddenly all three of them slumped and fell to the floor. “Only then did I notice that it was projectiles that were falling on us“, says Touré. Panic broke out, the players threw themselves on the ground. Outside, attacking rebels from the region fought wildly with security forces before they could be routed.

Survived terrorist attack in Angola

What remained was a traumatized Togolese national team. Two team members did not survive the attack, and there were also numerous injuries. The team was transported back to their Togolese homeland head over heels, and in the end, the West Africans were sanctioned by the African football association CAF for not taking part in the Africa Cup. “Africa“, groans Assimiou Touré in retrospect:”We in Europe cannot imagine dealing with such a situation in this way.

Touré has lived in Germany since he was five. He moved with his mother and grew up in a refugee home in Bergneustadt, North Rhine-Westphalia. His footballing talent quickly became apparent, and he was soon accepted into the youth department of Bayer Leverkusen, where he eventually became a professional at the age of 18.

“I became a Cologne boy”

“I have found a home in Germany and I feel absolutely German” says Touré, who can hardly hide his Rhenish dialect in conversation. “I became a Cologne boy”, says Touré, who has come to appreciate the Rhinelander art: “The way of living and working here is something very special”, said is. “Even when the work is hard, someone is always by your side and says: “ Come on, young, a little bit, you can do it. And lo and behold: I would still have jot jejange. “

Tourés’s football career also went relatively well: After making two short appearances in the Bundesliga for Bayer Leverkusen, he moved to VfL Osnabrück, was with Arminia Bielefeld and finally ended his career in Babelsberg, Uerdingen and Bonn. In the meantime he became a national player for Togo and took part in the 2006 World Cup in Germany for the country of his roots before the terrorist attack in Angola ended his international career.

After being injured: Parcels hauling at Cologne Airport

The fact that it wasn’t enough to do more had something to do with a broken tibia and fibula, which Touré suffered in 2007 in a game with VfL Osnabrück at FC St. Pauli. “I was out for about a year and a half and actually wasn’t really the same anymore”says the 33-year-old today.

His active time as a professional footballer was nowhere near enough to create a comfortable financial cushion for himself. In 2016 he officially ended his professional career, Touré had to look for a “normal” job at the age of 28. He worked at the Cologne-Bonn airport for a parcel service company, he only played football with friends of his amateurs.

Back to Bayer Leverkusen by chance

Touré was out of professional activity – until a coincidence brought him back to Bayer Leverkusen. At a friend’s wedding, he met Frank Dittkens, an old acquaintance from Bayer times. Dittkens was meanwhile employed as a teacher in Leverkusen’s youth department and remembered Touré’s good eye for talent and, above all, his good relationship with young people. The Bayer world opened up again to Touré, he sniffed into youth training and scouting.

Touré is now employed full-time as a Bayer youth scout – you trust your skills. “I’m pretty good at dealing with young footballers”, says Touré, who is particularly convinced of the development of young footballers with a migration background: “I believe that in around five years, considerably more young footballers who have moved here will make the leap into Germany’s professional field.”, said is. “Many boys are highly talented and are now much better looked after and trained more effectively than before”he observes.

Daily fight against racism

Touré recently wrote down his experiences with Togo’s national team and his career in Germany in a book. “First home, then home” is the name of the work, “My life as a German” is the subtitle. “I am extremely grateful to be allowed to be German. The country has wonderful values”, he says. At the same time, he fights against racism almost every day in the country of his choice: “Nobody can choose where to be born. Mutual respect is the only answer to all questions about racist tendencies”, he finds.

Touré’s dream would be to be able to advance football training in the country of his roots in the long term. “There are countless talents in Togo. You just have to systematically install training concepts like in Europe. Then football could take a huge leap there.”he thinks. He would like to help, but doesn’t think the time has come yet: “I would like to take my next steps first here in Germany. Then – hopefully – I can get involved in Togo one day.”


Stand: 27.10.2021, 07:38

We wish to give thanks to the writer of this write-up for this amazing material

Former national player Assimiou Touré works as a scout for Bayer Leverkusen

[date_timestamp] => 1635345429 ) ) [channel] => Array ( [title] => Bofads [link] => https://bofads.com [lastbuilddate] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 16:04:52 +0000 [language] => en-US [sy] => Array ( [updateperiod] => hourly [updatefrequency] => 1 ) [generator] => https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8.1 [tagline] => ) [textinput] => Array ( ) [image] => Array ( ) [feed_type] => RSS [feed_version] => 2.0 [encoding] => ISO-8859-1 [_source_encoding] => [ERROR] => [WARNING] => [_CONTENT_CONSTRUCTS] => Array ( [0] => content [1] => summary [2] => info [3] => title [4] => tagline [5] => copyright ) [_KNOWN_ENCODINGS] => Array ( [0] => UTF-8 [1] => US-ASCII [2] => ISO-8859-1 ) [stack] => Array ( ) [inchannel] => [initem] => [incontent] => [intextinput] => [inimage] => [current_namespace] => [last_modified] => Wed, 27 Oct 2021 16:14:03 GMT [etag] => 1rXematPWsu5F225xDz0rQfWess )