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Mercedes-Amg SL 2022, the elegant beast is back: engine and performance
Coup d?Etat in Sudan: deadly clashes between demonstrators and security forces
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                    [title] => Mercedes-Amg SL 2022, the elegant beast is back: engine and performance
                    [link] => https://bofads.com/mercedes-amg-sl-2022-the-elegant-beast-is-back-engine-and-performance/
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                            [creator] => Pauline Moonlky
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                    [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 19:50:52 +0000
                    [category] => SportbeastelegantEngineMercedesAmgperformance
                    [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4720
                    [description] => New architecture, 585 hp V8 engine, a lot of elegance in design and historic debut with all-wheel drive. The reference spider of the Stuttgart brand is back in the name of luxury and technology In the beginning it was racing, almost seventy years ago; the period in which the silver arrows dominated the circuits all ... Read more
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New architecture, 585 hp V8 engine, a lot of elegance in design and historic debut with all-wheel drive. The reference spider of the Stuttgart brand is back in the name of luxury and technology

In the beginning it was racing, almost seventy years ago; the period in which the silver arrows dominated the circuits all over the world. Between Formula 1 W196 and the 300 SLR derived from it for Sport Prototype competitions, both entrusted to aces such as Juan Manuel Fangio and Stirling Moss, the Mercedes 300 SL (W194) also appeared in the race in 1952. Attention was drawn to that particular structure with vertically opening doors, the famous ?gull wings? (due to the tubular frame whose lower part exceeded the bottom of the car, thus leaving no room for ordinary doors). That year it came close to success in the Mille Miglia but won at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and on numerous other occasions until 1954, when it was retired. And in 1954 its street version, code W198, came out. One of the most beautiful coupes in history (soon joined by the spider), still extremely popular and sought after, the progenitor of a long series of other splendid cars, such as the Pagoda W113 of the 1960s. Let’s put the turbo on the time machine and get to the present day: here is the Mercedes-Amg SL, a very sporty and luxurious 2 + 2 spider inspired by the aforementioned masterpieces.

Mercedes-Amg SL 2022: chassis

?

We start from the skeleton, just as a house is built from the foundations. Loom, then. From Stuttgart and nearby Affalterbach specify that the architecture for the new Mercedes-Amg SL was designed from scratch, not derived from any existing model. The load-bearing body is mainly made of aluminum, magnesium and composite materials; steel is used above all for the parts that most have to withstand shocks, such as the windscreen structure and the self-extending roll-bar located behind the rear seats. At the center is the fundamental need to obtain high values ??of torsional stiffness (increased by 18% compared to the previous SL), transversal (+ 50% on the GT Roadster) and longitudinal (+ 40%). Together with the containment of weights: the body weighs a total of 270 kg. Another novelty for the SL is the adoption of the active steering rear axle: up to 100 km / h the wheels turn in the opposite direction to the front ones, besides they turn in the same way. So agility combined with stability, two factors usually in opposition.

Engine and performance Mercedes-Amg SL 2022

?

Obviously the engine of the SL 63 is the Amg V8 4.0 biturbo (subjected, among other things, to interventions to improve efficiency in the flow of gases). Power of 585 HP between 5,500 and 6,500 rpm, impressive maximum torque of 800 Nm delivered from 2,500 to 5,000 rpm. To transfer all this force to the ground, the 4Matic + Performance all-wheel drive is used, together with the 9G Speedshift Amg automatic transmission. In place of the torque converter there is an oil bath clutch, lower weight and faster response. Four-wheel drive is also new to the SL. The torque is electronically divided between the two axes as needed, also transferring it completely. Moving on to the set-up, we find the Ride Control Amg active mechanical suspension with aluminum shock absorbers, equally light springs and active hydraulic anti-roll system. The front layout is, for the first time in a production AMG, with five arms, as is the rear one. The Amg Dynamics system is configured with six drive programs, including Race and Slippery, with obvious meanings. Brakes with composite discs, internally ventilated and perforated, with a diameter of 390 mm at the front (6-piston calipers) and 360 at the rear. All this for a mass in running order of 1,970 kg, including the driver. The synthesis of performance: 0-100 acceleration in 3.6 seconds, top speed 315 km / h. Subsequently, the range will be expanded with a hybrid engine.

The design of the new Mercedes-Amg SL 2022

?

An elegantly aggressive look, as it must be for any Mercedes supercar. Relatively short length, 4,705 mm with a wheelbase of 2,700. Very dynamic proportions, therefore, enhanced by the accentuated inclination of the windshield and the long bonnet, whose bulges (called power domes) are practically the only ribs of a body that tends to be smooth. The radiator grille widens downwards and the 14 vertical blades are a direct homage to the 300 SL from 1952. The silver splitter stands out. In the side view, the large rear wheel arch and the decoration next to the direction indicator stand out. The handle recessed in the door is very modern. 20-inch stock wheels with aerodynamic elements. The fabric roof weighs only 21 kg. Designed with a Z-fold, the electric drive takes place in 15 seconds up to 60 km / h.

Mercedes-Amg SL 2022: the interior

?

The 2 + 2 configuration of the new SL allows people up to one and a half meters in height to be accommodated in the rear seats. At the front we find the Amg sports seats with integrated headrests in the backrests as standard. To improve comfort when traveling in the open air, the Airscarf system, also standard, introduces a flow of hot air from the headrest vents to the passenger compartment that wraps around the neck and nape of those sitting in front, just as if it was a scarf. The voluminous central touch screen with vertical orientation stands out on the dashboard, the real control center of the car; while the second generation Mbux interface derives from the one that debuted on the new S-Class.

We would love to thank the writer of this post for this incredible material

Mercedes-Amg SL 2022, the elegant beast is back: engine and performance

) [summary] => New architecture, 585 hp V8 engine, a lot of elegance in design and historic debut with all-wheel drive. The reference spider of the Stuttgart brand is back in the name of luxury and technology In the beginning it was racing, almost seventy years ago; the period in which the silver arrows dominated the circuits all ... Read more [atom_content] =>

New architecture, 585 hp V8 engine, a lot of elegance in design and historic debut with all-wheel drive. The reference spider of the Stuttgart brand is back in the name of luxury and technology

In the beginning it was racing, almost seventy years ago; the period in which the silver arrows dominated the circuits all over the world. Between Formula 1 W196 and the 300 SLR derived from it for Sport Prototype competitions, both entrusted to aces such as Juan Manuel Fangio and Stirling Moss, the Mercedes 300 SL (W194) also appeared in the race in 1952. Attention was drawn to that particular structure with vertically opening doors, the famous ?gull wings? (due to the tubular frame whose lower part exceeded the bottom of the car, thus leaving no room for ordinary doors). That year it came close to success in the Mille Miglia but won at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and on numerous other occasions until 1954, when it was retired. And in 1954 its street version, code W198, came out. One of the most beautiful coupes in history (soon joined by the spider), still extremely popular and sought after, the progenitor of a long series of other splendid cars, such as the Pagoda W113 of the 1960s. Let’s put the turbo on the time machine and get to the present day: here is the Mercedes-Amg SL, a very sporty and luxurious 2 + 2 spider inspired by the aforementioned masterpieces.

Mercedes-Amg SL 2022: chassis

?

We start from the skeleton, just as a house is built from the foundations. Loom, then. From Stuttgart and nearby Affalterbach specify that the architecture for the new Mercedes-Amg SL was designed from scratch, not derived from any existing model. The load-bearing body is mainly made of aluminum, magnesium and composite materials; steel is used above all for the parts that most have to withstand shocks, such as the windscreen structure and the self-extending roll-bar located behind the rear seats. At the center is the fundamental need to obtain high values ??of torsional stiffness (increased by 18% compared to the previous SL), transversal (+ 50% on the GT Roadster) and longitudinal (+ 40%). Together with the containment of weights: the body weighs a total of 270 kg. Another novelty for the SL is the adoption of the active steering rear axle: up to 100 km / h the wheels turn in the opposite direction to the front ones, besides they turn in the same way. So agility combined with stability, two factors usually in opposition.

Engine and performance Mercedes-Amg SL 2022

?

Obviously the engine of the SL 63 is the Amg V8 4.0 biturbo (subjected, among other things, to interventions to improve efficiency in the flow of gases). Power of 585 HP between 5,500 and 6,500 rpm, impressive maximum torque of 800 Nm delivered from 2,500 to 5,000 rpm. To transfer all this force to the ground, the 4Matic + Performance all-wheel drive is used, together with the 9G Speedshift Amg automatic transmission. In place of the torque converter there is an oil bath clutch, lower weight and faster response. Four-wheel drive is also new to the SL. The torque is electronically divided between the two axes as needed, also transferring it completely. Moving on to the set-up, we find the Ride Control Amg active mechanical suspension with aluminum shock absorbers, equally light springs and active hydraulic anti-roll system. The front layout is, for the first time in a production AMG, with five arms, as is the rear one. The Amg Dynamics system is configured with six drive programs, including Race and Slippery, with obvious meanings. Brakes with composite discs, internally ventilated and perforated, with a diameter of 390 mm at the front (6-piston calipers) and 360 at the rear. All this for a mass in running order of 1,970 kg, including the driver. The synthesis of performance: 0-100 acceleration in 3.6 seconds, top speed 315 km / h. Subsequently, the range will be expanded with a hybrid engine.

The design of the new Mercedes-Amg SL 2022

?

An elegantly aggressive look, as it must be for any Mercedes supercar. Relatively short length, 4,705 mm with a wheelbase of 2,700. Very dynamic proportions, therefore, enhanced by the accentuated inclination of the windshield and the long bonnet, whose bulges (called power domes) are practically the only ribs of a body that tends to be smooth. The radiator grille widens downwards and the 14 vertical blades are a direct homage to the 300 SL from 1952. The silver splitter stands out. In the side view, the large rear wheel arch and the decoration next to the direction indicator stand out. The handle recessed in the door is very modern. 20-inch stock wheels with aerodynamic elements. The fabric roof weighs only 21 kg. Designed with a Z-fold, the electric drive takes place in 15 seconds up to 60 km / h.

Mercedes-Amg SL 2022: the interior

?

The 2 + 2 configuration of the new SL allows people up to one and a half meters in height to be accommodated in the rear seats. At the front we find the Amg sports seats with integrated headrests in the backrests as standard. To improve comfort when traveling in the open air, the Airscarf system, also standard, introduces a flow of hot air from the headrest vents to the passenger compartment that wraps around the neck and nape of those sitting in front, just as if it was a scarf. The voluminous central touch screen with vertical orientation stands out on the dashboard, the real control center of the car; while the second generation Mbux interface derives from the one that debuted on the new S-Class.

We would love to thank the writer of this post for this incredible material

Mercedes-Amg SL 2022, the elegant beast is back: engine and performance

[date_timestamp] => 1635450652 ) [1] => Array ( [title] => Coup d?Etat in Sudan: deadly clashes between demonstrators and security forces [link] => https://bofads.com/coup-detat-in-sudan-deadly-clashes-between-demonstrators-and-security-forces/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tom Pauler ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 19:30:57 +0000 [category] => NewsclashesCoupdeadlydemonstratorsdétatforcessecuritySudan [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4714 [description] => Sudanese protesters march and sing during a protest against the military takeover in Atbara, Sudan, October 27, 2021. EBAID AHMED / EBAID AHMED VIA REUTERS Four days after the military coup in Sudan, the repression continues. Clashes between demonstrators and security forces left another dead Thursday, October 28, in Khartoum, the fourth day of a ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Four days after the military coup in Sudan, the repression continues. Clashes between demonstrators and security forces left another dead Thursday, October 28, in Khartoum, the fourth day of a military coup refused by the streets and by the international community who want the return of civilians to power in Sudan.

On Monday, General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhane, now alone in command of this poor East African country, dissolved the government supposed to ensure the transition to democracy. He also arrested ministers and senior civilian officials in a country plunged into political slump and plagued by conflict.

After days of negotiation, in particular because of the Russian reluctance to condemn the putsch, the UN Security Council called on Thursday “The reestablishment of a transitional government led by civilians”. “Our message to the military authorities of Sudan is clear: the Sudanese people must be allowed to demonstrate peacefully and the civilian-led transitional government must be restored”, reacted, for his part, the American President, Joe Biden, promising that his country would continue to “To stand alongside the Sudanese people”.

Read the analysis: Article reserved for our subscribers In Sudan, a coup against a backdrop of geopolitical and regional power struggles

Between demonstrators determined to stay in the streets until the return of a civilian cabinet and security forces armed with guns, tear gas canisters and rubber bullets, at least eight demonstrators were killed and 170 wounded, according to officials of the health.

Call for mobilization on Saturday

People walk past closed shops in the Sudanese capital on October 28, 2021, four days after the coup.

With barricades of branches, burnt tires and stones, the demonstrators keep reinstalling barricades across the avenues of the capital to paralyze the country with a campaign of ” civil disobedience “. In fact, only a few bakeries are open, crowded with families. Like the last four days, the iron curtains of shops, banks and restaurants have remained lowered.

The security forces that crisscross the city regularly try to raise these makeshift roadblocks, going to confrontation. In central Khartoum, few ventured into the streets for fear of being arrested by security forces.

On Thursday evening, two protesters were in critical condition and “There could be other deaths, but it is difficult to establish contacts with Khartoum-North to have confirmation”, adds the Committee of Physicians, a pro-democracy union. In this suburb separated from the Sudanese capital by the Nile, security forces fired, used rubber bullets and tear gas at demonstrators, as well as in the very turbulent district of Bourri, in the east of the capital.

Read also Coup d’Etat in Sudan: demonstrations repressed in blood, suspension of international aid … update

On social networks, accessible in rare places in a country where the authorities have cut off access to the Internet, activists shared images of nightly demonstrations calling for a “Civil power”. Most civil society organizations, unions and associations dissolved by General Burhane, called for a massive mobilization on Saturday against the coup.

They want “A million demonstrators” to demand that General Burhane, military commander during the three decades of unchallenged power of General Omar El-Bashir, join him in the high security prison of Kober in Khartoum.

Six ambassadors sacked

In 1989, Mr. Bashir seized power in a coup against the democratically elected Prime Minister Sadeq Al-Mahdi. Before being sidelined by the army in April 2019 under the pressure of a popular revolt. On Monday, it was Abdallah Hamdok, the head of the transitional government set up in August 2019, who was overthrown by General Burhane. He is at home in Khartoum but is not “Not free to move around”, selon l’ON.

His foreign minister, Mariam Al-Sadek Al-Mahdi, is the daughter of the prime minister overthrown by Mr. Bashir and one of the few civilian officials who is not in detention. She greeted the 33 diplomats who signed a joint statement condemning the putsch, published on social networks. “Every free ambassador who refused the coup d’etat represents a victory for the revolution”, tweeted, Thursday, Mme Mahdi, who has become the voice of dissent.

General Burhane, meanwhile, sacked six protest ambassadors, including that of China, the European Union, France and the United States. On Wednesday, UN envoy Volker Perthes reiterated in front of Mr. Hamdok and Mr. Burhane the need for a “Back to the transition process” and a “Immediate release of all those arbitrarily arrested”. Because the security forces also detained activists and demonstrators opposed to the coup, including the number two of the party, Oumma de Mme Mahdi.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Coup d’état in Sudan: the United States and Europe very worried about the situation

Putting pressure on the military, the African Union suspended Sudan and the World Bank stopped its aid. The United States has also suspended part of its aid and the EU has threatened to follow suit. In an attempt to explain his coup, General Burhane invoked on Tuesday the risk of ” civil war “ after several demonstrations against the army.

But the West and several international organizations have called for the return of civil power. “We do not want Sudan to return to the dark hours of its history”, tweeted the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell.

The World with AFP

We want to thank the author of this short article for this amazing web content

Coup d’Etat in Sudan: deadly clashes between demonstrators and security forces

) [summary] => Sudanese protesters march and sing during a protest against the military takeover in Atbara, Sudan, October 27, 2021. EBAID AHMED / EBAID AHMED VIA REUTERS Four days after the military coup in Sudan, the repression continues. Clashes between demonstrators and security forces left another dead Thursday, October 28, in Khartoum, the fourth day of a ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Four days after the military coup in Sudan, the repression continues. Clashes between demonstrators and security forces left another dead Thursday, October 28, in Khartoum, the fourth day of a military coup refused by the streets and by the international community who want the return of civilians to power in Sudan.

On Monday, General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhane, now alone in command of this poor East African country, dissolved the government supposed to ensure the transition to democracy. He also arrested ministers and senior civilian officials in a country plunged into political slump and plagued by conflict.

After days of negotiation, in particular because of the Russian reluctance to condemn the putsch, the UN Security Council called on Thursday “The reestablishment of a transitional government led by civilians”. “Our message to the military authorities of Sudan is clear: the Sudanese people must be allowed to demonstrate peacefully and the civilian-led transitional government must be restored”, reacted, for his part, the American President, Joe Biden, promising that his country would continue to “To stand alongside the Sudanese people”.

Read the analysis: Article reserved for our subscribers In Sudan, a coup against a backdrop of geopolitical and regional power struggles

Between demonstrators determined to stay in the streets until the return of a civilian cabinet and security forces armed with guns, tear gas canisters and rubber bullets, at least eight demonstrators were killed and 170 wounded, according to officials of the health.

Call for mobilization on Saturday

People walk past closed shops in the Sudanese capital on October 28, 2021, four days after the coup.

With barricades of branches, burnt tires and stones, the demonstrators keep reinstalling barricades across the avenues of the capital to paralyze the country with a campaign of ” civil disobedience “. In fact, only a few bakeries are open, crowded with families. Like the last four days, the iron curtains of shops, banks and restaurants have remained lowered.

The security forces that crisscross the city regularly try to raise these makeshift roadblocks, going to confrontation. In central Khartoum, few ventured into the streets for fear of being arrested by security forces.

On Thursday evening, two protesters were in critical condition and “There could be other deaths, but it is difficult to establish contacts with Khartoum-North to have confirmation”, adds the Committee of Physicians, a pro-democracy union. In this suburb separated from the Sudanese capital by the Nile, security forces fired, used rubber bullets and tear gas at demonstrators, as well as in the very turbulent district of Bourri, in the east of the capital.

Read also Coup d’Etat in Sudan: demonstrations repressed in blood, suspension of international aid … update

On social networks, accessible in rare places in a country where the authorities have cut off access to the Internet, activists shared images of nightly demonstrations calling for a “Civil power”. Most civil society organizations, unions and associations dissolved by General Burhane, called for a massive mobilization on Saturday against the coup.

They want “A million demonstrators” to demand that General Burhane, military commander during the three decades of unchallenged power of General Omar El-Bashir, join him in the high security prison of Kober in Khartoum.

Six ambassadors sacked

In 1989, Mr. Bashir seized power in a coup against the democratically elected Prime Minister Sadeq Al-Mahdi. Before being sidelined by the army in April 2019 under the pressure of a popular revolt. On Monday, it was Abdallah Hamdok, the head of the transitional government set up in August 2019, who was overthrown by General Burhane. He is at home in Khartoum but is not “Not free to move around”, selon l’ON.

His foreign minister, Mariam Al-Sadek Al-Mahdi, is the daughter of the prime minister overthrown by Mr. Bashir and one of the few civilian officials who is not in detention. She greeted the 33 diplomats who signed a joint statement condemning the putsch, published on social networks. “Every free ambassador who refused the coup d’etat represents a victory for the revolution”, tweeted, Thursday, Mme Mahdi, who has become the voice of dissent.

General Burhane, meanwhile, sacked six protest ambassadors, including that of China, the European Union, France and the United States. On Wednesday, UN envoy Volker Perthes reiterated in front of Mr. Hamdok and Mr. Burhane the need for a “Back to the transition process” and a “Immediate release of all those arbitrarily arrested”. Because the security forces also detained activists and demonstrators opposed to the coup, including the number two of the party, Oumma de Mme Mahdi.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Coup d’état in Sudan: the United States and Europe very worried about the situation

Putting pressure on the military, the African Union suspended Sudan and the World Bank stopped its aid. The United States has also suspended part of its aid and the EU has threatened to follow suit. In an attempt to explain his coup, General Burhane invoked on Tuesday the risk of ” civil war “ after several demonstrations against the army.

But the West and several international organizations have called for the return of civil power. “We do not want Sudan to return to the dark hours of its history”, tweeted the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell.

The World with AFP

We want to thank the author of this short article for this amazing web content

Coup d’Etat in Sudan: deadly clashes between demonstrators and security forces

[date_timestamp] => 1635449457 ) [2] => Array ( [title] => Watch on phone, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook [link] => https://bofads.com/watch-on-phone-youtube-twitter-facebook/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harold Kent ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 19:06:45 +0000 [category] => SpaceFacebookphoneTwitterWatchYouTube [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4709 [description] => SpaceX Crew-3 Commercial Crew will soon be well on their way to outer space ? on Halloween. The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket is set to launch at 2:21 a.m. ET Sunday, Oct. 31 with an instantaneous launch window from Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. A weather forecast for the launch window is expected ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

We wish to give thanks to the author of this write-up for this incredible web content

Watch on phone, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook

) [summary] => SpaceX Crew-3 Commercial Crew will soon be well on their way to outer space ? on Halloween. The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket is set to launch at 2:21 a.m. ET Sunday, Oct. 31 with an instantaneous launch window from Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. A weather forecast for the launch window is expected ... Read more [atom_content] =>

We wish to give thanks to the author of this write-up for this incredible web content

Watch on phone, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook

[date_timestamp] => 1635448005 ) [3] => Array ( [title] => Researchers develop proof-of-concept treatment that elevates adult and fetal hemoglobin [link] => https://bofads.com/researchers-develop-proof-of-concept-treatment-that-elevates-adult-and-fetal-hemoglobin/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 19:05:44 +0000 [category] => Health And ScienceadultdevelopelevatesfetalhemoglobinproofofconceptResearcherstreatment [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4704 [description] => Journal Reference: Silvia Pires Lourenco, Danuta Jarocha, Valentina Ghiaccio, Amaliris Guerra, Osheiza Abdulmalik, Ping La, Alexandra Zezulin, Kim Smith-Whitley, Janet L. Kwiatkowski, Virginia Guzikowski, Yukio Nakamura, Tobias Raabe, Laura Breda, Stefano Rivella. Inclusion of a shRNA targeting BCL11A into a ?-globin expressing vector allows concurrent synthesis of curative adult and fetal hemoglobin. Haematologica, 2021; DOI: ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Silvia Pires Lourenco, Danuta Jarocha, Valentina Ghiaccio, Amaliris Guerra, Osheiza Abdulmalik, Ping La, Alexandra Zezulin, Kim Smith-Whitley, Janet L. Kwiatkowski, Virginia Guzikowski, Yukio Nakamura, Tobias Raabe, Laura Breda, Stefano Rivella. Inclusion of a shRNA targeting BCL11A into a ?-globin expressing vector allows concurrent synthesis of curative adult and fetal hemoglobin. Haematologica, 2021; DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2020.276634

?Until now, researchers have been exploring one of two approaches to treating blood disorders like sickle cell disease or beta-thalassemia: adding a functional copy of the adult hemoglobin gene, or increasing production of fetal hemoglobin,? said senior author Stefano Rivella, PhD, Kwame Ohene-Frempong Chair on Sickle Cell Anemia and Professor of Pediatrics at CHOP. ?In this study, we have done both simultaneously, which provides an opportunity to produce more hemoglobin per vector in these patients.?

Sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia are genetic blood disorders caused by errors in the genes for hemoglobin, a protein that is found in red blood cells and carries oxygen from the lungs to tissues throughout the body. In utero, the gamma-globin gene produces fetal hemoglobin, but after birth, this gene is switched off and the beta-globin gene is turned on, producing adult hemoglobin. Patients with sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia have mutations in the beta-globin gene, which leads to mutant hemoglobin production and, as a consequence, serious health complications, ranging from delayed growth and jaundice to pain crises, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke.

Current research has focused on treating these blood disorders by either increasing fetal hemoglobin, which is not mutated in these conditions, or adding back a functional copy of adult hemoglobin via gene therapy, using an engineered vehicle known as a viral vector to supply new genetic material. However, there are limitations to both of these approaches, and neither has been established as a fully curative approach.

In order to increase hemoglobin levels in one therapy, the researchers ? led by co-first authors Danuta Jarocha, PhD and Silvia Lourenco, PhD ? combined the two tactics into a single gene therapy vector. To do so, they focused on a transcription factor called BCL11A, which effectively operates the switch that turns off the production of fetal hemoglobin and turns on the production of adult hemoglobin. The researchers hypothesized that if they could use an engineered vector to repress BCL11A, which would keep fetal hemoglobin production turned on and turn off the production of mutant adult hemoglobin, while also adding back a functional copy of the beta-globin gene, they could induce greater hemoglobin production.

Working in cell lines of patients with sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia, the researchers tested their vector ? which included a gene coding for adult hemoglobin and a microRNA sequence that would target BCL11A ? and found that the vector was able to elevate fetal and adult hemoglobin simultaneously in vitro. Although BCL11A was not completely knocked down, the suppression was sufficient to reduce production of the mutant adult hemoglobin. By elevating both fetal and functional adult hemoglobin, the vector was able to induce more functional hemoglobin production than that of a vector expressing beta-globin alone.

?Future studies will evaluate this approach using an even stronger vector that we developed in our lab and published on recently,? Rivella said. ?Combining these two technologies, we hope to make an even more powerful vector that can provide curative levels of hemoglobin to these patients.?

This research was supported by the CuRED Frontier Program at CHOP, which is dedicated to finding new and improved curative therapies for blood disorders like sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia.

We want to say thanks to the writer of this short article for this outstanding material

Researchers develop proof-of-concept treatment that elevates adult and fetal hemoglobin

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Silvia Pires Lourenco, Danuta Jarocha, Valentina Ghiaccio, Amaliris Guerra, Osheiza Abdulmalik, Ping La, Alexandra Zezulin, Kim Smith-Whitley, Janet L. Kwiatkowski, Virginia Guzikowski, Yukio Nakamura, Tobias Raabe, Laura Breda, Stefano Rivella. Inclusion of a shRNA targeting BCL11A into a ?-globin expressing vector allows concurrent synthesis of curative adult and fetal hemoglobin. Haematologica, 2021; DOI: ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Silvia Pires Lourenco, Danuta Jarocha, Valentina Ghiaccio, Amaliris Guerra, Osheiza Abdulmalik, Ping La, Alexandra Zezulin, Kim Smith-Whitley, Janet L. Kwiatkowski, Virginia Guzikowski, Yukio Nakamura, Tobias Raabe, Laura Breda, Stefano Rivella. Inclusion of a shRNA targeting BCL11A into a ?-globin expressing vector allows concurrent synthesis of curative adult and fetal hemoglobin. Haematologica, 2021; DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2020.276634

?Until now, researchers have been exploring one of two approaches to treating blood disorders like sickle cell disease or beta-thalassemia: adding a functional copy of the adult hemoglobin gene, or increasing production of fetal hemoglobin,? said senior author Stefano Rivella, PhD, Kwame Ohene-Frempong Chair on Sickle Cell Anemia and Professor of Pediatrics at CHOP. ?In this study, we have done both simultaneously, which provides an opportunity to produce more hemoglobin per vector in these patients.?

Sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia are genetic blood disorders caused by errors in the genes for hemoglobin, a protein that is found in red blood cells and carries oxygen from the lungs to tissues throughout the body. In utero, the gamma-globin gene produces fetal hemoglobin, but after birth, this gene is switched off and the beta-globin gene is turned on, producing adult hemoglobin. Patients with sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia have mutations in the beta-globin gene, which leads to mutant hemoglobin production and, as a consequence, serious health complications, ranging from delayed growth and jaundice to pain crises, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke.

Current research has focused on treating these blood disorders by either increasing fetal hemoglobin, which is not mutated in these conditions, or adding back a functional copy of adult hemoglobin via gene therapy, using an engineered vehicle known as a viral vector to supply new genetic material. However, there are limitations to both of these approaches, and neither has been established as a fully curative approach.

In order to increase hemoglobin levels in one therapy, the researchers ? led by co-first authors Danuta Jarocha, PhD and Silvia Lourenco, PhD ? combined the two tactics into a single gene therapy vector. To do so, they focused on a transcription factor called BCL11A, which effectively operates the switch that turns off the production of fetal hemoglobin and turns on the production of adult hemoglobin. The researchers hypothesized that if they could use an engineered vector to repress BCL11A, which would keep fetal hemoglobin production turned on and turn off the production of mutant adult hemoglobin, while also adding back a functional copy of the beta-globin gene, they could induce greater hemoglobin production.

Working in cell lines of patients with sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia, the researchers tested their vector ? which included a gene coding for adult hemoglobin and a microRNA sequence that would target BCL11A ? and found that the vector was able to elevate fetal and adult hemoglobin simultaneously in vitro. Although BCL11A was not completely knocked down, the suppression was sufficient to reduce production of the mutant adult hemoglobin. By elevating both fetal and functional adult hemoglobin, the vector was able to induce more functional hemoglobin production than that of a vector expressing beta-globin alone.

?Future studies will evaluate this approach using an even stronger vector that we developed in our lab and published on recently,? Rivella said. ?Combining these two technologies, we hope to make an even more powerful vector that can provide curative levels of hemoglobin to these patients.?

This research was supported by the CuRED Frontier Program at CHOP, which is dedicated to finding new and improved curative therapies for blood disorders like sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia.

We want to say thanks to the writer of this short article for this outstanding material

Researchers develop proof-of-concept treatment that elevates adult and fetal hemoglobin

[date_timestamp] => 1635447944 ) [4] => Array ( [title] => Climate: China submits, without convincing, its new commitments before COP26 [link] => https://bofads.com/climate-china-submits-without-convincing-its-new-commitments-before-cop26/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Sally Scully ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 19:03:51 +0000 [category] => PlanetChinaclimatecommitmentsconvincingCOP26submits [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4698 [description] => On November 9, 2015, a worker walking near the main gate of a coal-to-oil processing plant in Changzhi, Shanxi Province, China. FRED DUFOUR / AFP China, the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), has played time. Only three days before the opening of the 26e Conference of the Parties (COP26), crucial in the fight ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

China, the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), has played time. Only three days before the opening of the 26e Conference of the Parties (COP26), crucial in the fight against global warming, the country officially detailed, Thursday, October 28, its new commitments for the planet, much awaited. This new Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) from Beijing incorporates the main commitments already made by Chinese President Xi Jinping: to reach its peak in emissions “Before 2030” and carbon neutrality “Before 2060”.

These commitments, posted on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) website, also provide for the reduction of carbon intensity (CO emissions).2 compared to gross domestic product) by more than 65% compared to 2005. But while, in its previous NDC, China pledged to reduce its carbon intensity by between 60% and 65% by 2030 and reach its peak of emissions “Around 2030”, these new strengthened ambitions have not convinced all observers.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers China pledges to stop funding overseas coal-fired power plants

According to the Paris agreement, signed in 2015 and which shows the ambition to contain global warming well below the + 2 degree mark and if possible + 1.5 degree compared to the pre-industrial era, the signatory countries must submit an upward revised NDC every five years.

The new contribution from China, responsible for more than a quarter of global GHG emissions, was therefore eagerly awaited before COP26, which formally opens on Sunday in Glasgow (Scotland). Especially since the United Nations said on Monday that the new climate commitments made in recent weeks are still leading the world towards warming. “Catastrophic” of + 2.7 degrees.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers The UN proposes to protect 30% of the planet by 2030

In its contribution, Beijing recalls that developed countries must “Assume their historic responsibilities and continue to take the lead in reducing emissions”.

China is also committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuels to 25% in its consumption, against 20% in its previous NDC, in particular with the increase of “Its installed capacity of solar and wind energy to 1.2 billion killowatts by 2030” and to increase his « stock » forest area of ??6 billion cubic meters compared to 2005.

Little step

However, Beijing’s new contribution does not seem ambitious enough to many observers. ?It casts a shadow over the global climate effort. In view of internal economic uncertainties, the country seems reluctant to embrace stronger short-term goals and has missed the opportunity to show ambition. The world cannot afford this to be its last word and Beijing must develop implementation plans ensuring peak emissions before 2025 ?, wrote Li Shuo, of Greenpeace China, on Twitter.

For Lauri Myllyvirta, analyst at the Energy and Clean Air Research Center (CREA), the new Chinese NDC is setting President Xi’s commitments in stone, but “Does not shed light on what will be the trajectory of the coming decade in terms of emissions”.

Helen Mountford, vice-president of the World Resources Institute, sees it as a “Modest improvement” : “If the world is to have a chance to tackle the climate crisis, China, like other major emitters, must move from the politics of small steps to giant leaps”, she believes.

CNUCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa during an online press briefing Thursday evening declined to comment on the Chinese NDC, explaining that she had not had time to study it in detail. However, she considered that he was “Clear, for some time”, that China was hearing “Translate political announcements into its NDC” of President Xi.

She felt that it was now necessary to work to achieve its goal of carbon neutrality ” as soon as possible ” and tell China, “As in other countries, ?this is all very well, but how exactly are you going to do it?? ». They should also be encouraged to “Constantly revise their NDC” on the rise, she adds.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers “The economic cost of the great shift towards a carbon-free world is the blind spot in the discourse of politicians”

For its part, Australia, the world’s largest exporter of coal, whose Prime Minister, Conservative Scott Morrison, regularly affirms its support for the mining and gas industry, also filed a new NDC on Thursday. As Mr Morrison announced earlier this week, the main addition is a net zero emissions target for 2050, but the contribution does not provide any specific details on how the country intends to achieve it.

The World with AFP

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this post for this awesome content

Climate: China submits, without convincing, its new commitments before COP26

) [summary] => On November 9, 2015, a worker walking near the main gate of a coal-to-oil processing plant in Changzhi, Shanxi Province, China. FRED DUFOUR / AFP China, the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), has played time. Only three days before the opening of the 26e Conference of the Parties (COP26), crucial in the fight ... Read more [atom_content] =>

China, the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), has played time. Only three days before the opening of the 26e Conference of the Parties (COP26), crucial in the fight against global warming, the country officially detailed, Thursday, October 28, its new commitments for the planet, much awaited. This new Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) from Beijing incorporates the main commitments already made by Chinese President Xi Jinping: to reach its peak in emissions “Before 2030” and carbon neutrality “Before 2060”.

These commitments, posted on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) website, also provide for the reduction of carbon intensity (CO emissions).2 compared to gross domestic product) by more than 65% compared to 2005. But while, in its previous NDC, China pledged to reduce its carbon intensity by between 60% and 65% by 2030 and reach its peak of emissions “Around 2030”, these new strengthened ambitions have not convinced all observers.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers China pledges to stop funding overseas coal-fired power plants

According to the Paris agreement, signed in 2015 and which shows the ambition to contain global warming well below the + 2 degree mark and if possible + 1.5 degree compared to the pre-industrial era, the signatory countries must submit an upward revised NDC every five years.

The new contribution from China, responsible for more than a quarter of global GHG emissions, was therefore eagerly awaited before COP26, which formally opens on Sunday in Glasgow (Scotland). Especially since the United Nations said on Monday that the new climate commitments made in recent weeks are still leading the world towards warming. “Catastrophic” of + 2.7 degrees.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers The UN proposes to protect 30% of the planet by 2030

In its contribution, Beijing recalls that developed countries must “Assume their historic responsibilities and continue to take the lead in reducing emissions”.

China is also committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuels to 25% in its consumption, against 20% in its previous NDC, in particular with the increase of “Its installed capacity of solar and wind energy to 1.2 billion killowatts by 2030” and to increase his « stock » forest area of ??6 billion cubic meters compared to 2005.

Little step

However, Beijing’s new contribution does not seem ambitious enough to many observers. ?It casts a shadow over the global climate effort. In view of internal economic uncertainties, the country seems reluctant to embrace stronger short-term goals and has missed the opportunity to show ambition. The world cannot afford this to be its last word and Beijing must develop implementation plans ensuring peak emissions before 2025 ?, wrote Li Shuo, of Greenpeace China, on Twitter.

For Lauri Myllyvirta, analyst at the Energy and Clean Air Research Center (CREA), the new Chinese NDC is setting President Xi’s commitments in stone, but “Does not shed light on what will be the trajectory of the coming decade in terms of emissions”.

Helen Mountford, vice-president of the World Resources Institute, sees it as a “Modest improvement” : “If the world is to have a chance to tackle the climate crisis, China, like other major emitters, must move from the politics of small steps to giant leaps”, she believes.

CNUCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa during an online press briefing Thursday evening declined to comment on the Chinese NDC, explaining that she had not had time to study it in detail. However, she considered that he was “Clear, for some time”, that China was hearing “Translate political announcements into its NDC” of President Xi.

She felt that it was now necessary to work to achieve its goal of carbon neutrality ” as soon as possible ” and tell China, “As in other countries, ?this is all very well, but how exactly are you going to do it?? ». They should also be encouraged to “Constantly revise their NDC” on the rise, she adds.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers “The economic cost of the great shift towards a carbon-free world is the blind spot in the discourse of politicians”

For its part, Australia, the world’s largest exporter of coal, whose Prime Minister, Conservative Scott Morrison, regularly affirms its support for the mining and gas industry, also filed a new NDC on Thursday. As Mr Morrison announced earlier this week, the main addition is a net zero emissions target for 2050, but the contribution does not provide any specific details on how the country intends to achieve it.

The World with AFP

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this post for this awesome content

Climate: China submits, without convincing, its new commitments before COP26

[date_timestamp] => 1635447831 ) [5] => Array ( [title] => Draghi?s press conference on the Maneuver [link] => https://bofads.com/draghis-press-conference-on-the-maneuver/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Moonlky ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 18:40:51 +0000 [category] => SportconferenceDraghismaneuverpress [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4692 [description] => The premier intervenes at the end of the Council of Ministers on the budget law the go-ahead from the Council of Ministers arrived shortly after 7pm to the Budget Law. After 19.30 – more than two hours later than expected – the premier Mario Draghi launched the press conference to explain the measures contained in ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The premier intervenes at the end of the Council of Ministers on the budget law

the go-ahead from the Council of Ministers arrived shortly after 7pm to the Budget Law. After 19.30 – more than two hours later than expected – the premier Mario Draghi launched the press conference to explain the measures contained in the 2022 maneuver, together with the minister of the Economy
Franco and that of Labor Orlando.

20.24 – The return to contributory
The premier reiterated that the transition to the pension system – Quota 102 – aimed at a full return to the contributory system. There are no clashes with the unions, he reiterated. Quote 102 approaches first to the contributory, since within a year you have to stay there, but there is also the willingness to correct some parts by dialoguing with the social partners and with the government. The problem of maintaining the pension system can only be overcome with growth, he added.

20.19 – Pensions and the strike
Draghi explained that he does not expect a strike against the pension reform. It would be weird. But the decision in the hands of the unions.

8.14 pm – Citizenship income

Draghi – answering a question – reiterated that he shared the principle of citizenship income; he explained that the controls will be much more precise for now, and ex ante, that is, before it is released. The control system, the premier said, will seek to ensure that income earners have an incentive to enter the world of work. The current system hasn’t worked, Draghi said, but it needs to be fixed. It must be maintained, without abuses, and must not hinder the functioning of the labor market, which has instead happened.

8.03 pm – Giuseppe Conte’s note: M5S in the trenches
Former Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte made a post in which he explained that he had defended measures for growth and social achievements brought to the country in recent years. Conte, who said that the current one is not the political government of our dreams, also said that the 5-star Movement remained in the trenches to defend what has been built in recent years for families, workers and businesses, in particular super bonuses and citizenship income. According to Conte, the government had to be more daring on cashback.

19.58 – Building bonuses
The minister detailed the extension for building bonuses: those at 110 percent are extended to 2023, with limitations for villas; those for the facades pass, in 2022, from 90 to 60%, but those who have already started work with a higher rate will keep that, Minister Franco said. In total, 37 billion are allocated, of which 15 for the superbonus.

19.53 – The intervention of Minister Daniele Franco
The Minister of Economy detailed the investment and reform plan envisaged by the maneuver

19.50 – The reform of social safety nets
On the social safety nets, the premier announced a general reorganization, a profound reform that implements the principle of universalism.

7.46 pm – The Conte-Draghi phone call to stem the assault on income
According to what emerged, during the Council of Ministers there would have been a tug-of-war over citizenship income. The center-right would have asked for a stop to the measure after a single refusal by the unemployed worker; on this point there would have been very strong opposition from the 5 Star Movement, which had supported the project (launched during the Conte I government, supported by Lega and M5S). According to what is learned from government sources, there was a phone call between the premier and the leader of the M5S Giuseppe Conte to avoid the decalage of the rdc for all employable, starting from the sixth month. An agreement would have been reached on income: the decalage it is triggered only after the first rejection of a job offer. The allowance is suspended after saying no to two job offers, no longer three as up to now.

19.43 – Quota 102 and the goal of returning to contributory


The government – while remaining open to discussions with the social partners – reiterated that it is necessary to return to the contribution system, as far as pensions are concerned. For this, the government has decided to close the Quota 100 project and start Quota 102 for next year, with 38 years of contributions and 64 years of age to guarantee the exit. Quota 100 ends this year, said Draghi, and the new measure provides for a transition to Quota 102, we have strengthened the women’s option and ape social.

7.41 pm – The 40 billion for the reduction of taxes
In the three-year period leading up to 2024, a cumulative 40 billion will be allocated to the reduction of taxes. In 2022, the billions earmarked for this will be 12, not 8 as expected in recent days. We allocate 40 billion over a three-year period to the reduction of taxes, of which 24 to the wedge and the remainder to tax incentives, to families and businesses for real estate assets and digitization.

19.37 – We cut taxes, increase growth
The premier said that the drive for growth – which this year will be well over 6 per cent – is driving the maneuver. We cut taxes, improve social spending, increase growth, he said, speaking of an expansive budget law.

19.36 – Draghi starts the press conference
We are very satisfied with the measure, said the premier, starting the press conference. There was applause at the end of the Council of Ministers.

19.20 – The intervention of the ministers

Among the ministers, the first to speak at the end of the meeting of the government was the minister of the PA Renato Brunetta: with the maneuver, he said satisfied, we are honoring the commitments made in the Pact for the innovation of public work and social cohesion signed on March 10, 2021 with the trade unions. The savings made with the squeeze on citizenship income will be aimed at reducing taxes, Brunetta always announced with a tweet.

The Foreign Minister is also satisfied Luigi Di Maio, which announced the planned increase in the maneuvering of resources available to programs linked to Italian cooperation and exports. For exports, in particular, an increase of 1.5 billion has been established for each of the years from 2022 to 2026.

Article being updated …

October 28, 2021 (change October 28, 2021 | 20:35)

We would like to give thanks to the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Draghi’s press conference on the Maneuver

) [summary] => The premier intervenes at the end of the Council of Ministers on the budget law the go-ahead from the Council of Ministers arrived shortly after 7pm to the Budget Law. After 19.30 – more than two hours later than expected – the premier Mario Draghi launched the press conference to explain the measures contained in ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The premier intervenes at the end of the Council of Ministers on the budget law

the go-ahead from the Council of Ministers arrived shortly after 7pm to the Budget Law. After 19.30 – more than two hours later than expected – the premier Mario Draghi launched the press conference to explain the measures contained in the 2022 maneuver, together with the minister of the Economy
Franco and that of Labor Orlando.

20.24 – The return to contributory
The premier reiterated that the transition to the pension system – Quota 102 – aimed at a full return to the contributory system. There are no clashes with the unions, he reiterated. Quote 102 approaches first to the contributory, since within a year you have to stay there, but there is also the willingness to correct some parts by dialoguing with the social partners and with the government. The problem of maintaining the pension system can only be overcome with growth, he added.

20.19 – Pensions and the strike
Draghi explained that he does not expect a strike against the pension reform. It would be weird. But the decision in the hands of the unions.

8.14 pm – Citizenship income

Draghi – answering a question – reiterated that he shared the principle of citizenship income; he explained that the controls will be much more precise for now, and ex ante, that is, before it is released. The control system, the premier said, will seek to ensure that income earners have an incentive to enter the world of work. The current system hasn’t worked, Draghi said, but it needs to be fixed. It must be maintained, without abuses, and must not hinder the functioning of the labor market, which has instead happened.

8.03 pm – Giuseppe Conte’s note: M5S in the trenches
Former Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte made a post in which he explained that he had defended measures for growth and social achievements brought to the country in recent years. Conte, who said that the current one is not the political government of our dreams, also said that the 5-star Movement remained in the trenches to defend what has been built in recent years for families, workers and businesses, in particular super bonuses and citizenship income. According to Conte, the government had to be more daring on cashback.

19.58 – Building bonuses
The minister detailed the extension for building bonuses: those at 110 percent are extended to 2023, with limitations for villas; those for the facades pass, in 2022, from 90 to 60%, but those who have already started work with a higher rate will keep that, Minister Franco said. In total, 37 billion are allocated, of which 15 for the superbonus.

19.53 – The intervention of Minister Daniele Franco
The Minister of Economy detailed the investment and reform plan envisaged by the maneuver

19.50 – The reform of social safety nets
On the social safety nets, the premier announced a general reorganization, a profound reform that implements the principle of universalism.

7.46 pm – The Conte-Draghi phone call to stem the assault on income
According to what emerged, during the Council of Ministers there would have been a tug-of-war over citizenship income. The center-right would have asked for a stop to the measure after a single refusal by the unemployed worker; on this point there would have been very strong opposition from the 5 Star Movement, which had supported the project (launched during the Conte I government, supported by Lega and M5S). According to what is learned from government sources, there was a phone call between the premier and the leader of the M5S Giuseppe Conte to avoid the decalage of the rdc for all employable, starting from the sixth month. An agreement would have been reached on income: the decalage it is triggered only after the first rejection of a job offer. The allowance is suspended after saying no to two job offers, no longer three as up to now.

19.43 – Quota 102 and the goal of returning to contributory


The government – while remaining open to discussions with the social partners – reiterated that it is necessary to return to the contribution system, as far as pensions are concerned. For this, the government has decided to close the Quota 100 project and start Quota 102 for next year, with 38 years of contributions and 64 years of age to guarantee the exit. Quota 100 ends this year, said Draghi, and the new measure provides for a transition to Quota 102, we have strengthened the women’s option and ape social.

7.41 pm – The 40 billion for the reduction of taxes
In the three-year period leading up to 2024, a cumulative 40 billion will be allocated to the reduction of taxes. In 2022, the billions earmarked for this will be 12, not 8 as expected in recent days. We allocate 40 billion over a three-year period to the reduction of taxes, of which 24 to the wedge and the remainder to tax incentives, to families and businesses for real estate assets and digitization.

19.37 – We cut taxes, increase growth
The premier said that the drive for growth – which this year will be well over 6 per cent – is driving the maneuver. We cut taxes, improve social spending, increase growth, he said, speaking of an expansive budget law.

19.36 – Draghi starts the press conference
We are very satisfied with the measure, said the premier, starting the press conference. There was applause at the end of the Council of Ministers.

19.20 – The intervention of the ministers

Among the ministers, the first to speak at the end of the meeting of the government was the minister of the PA Renato Brunetta: with the maneuver, he said satisfied, we are honoring the commitments made in the Pact for the innovation of public work and social cohesion signed on March 10, 2021 with the trade unions. The savings made with the squeeze on citizenship income will be aimed at reducing taxes, Brunetta always announced with a tweet.

The Foreign Minister is also satisfied Luigi Di Maio, which announced the planned increase in the maneuvering of resources available to programs linked to Italian cooperation and exports. For exports, in particular, an increase of 1.5 billion has been established for each of the years from 2022 to 2026.

Article being updated …

October 28, 2021 (change October 28, 2021 | 20:35)

We would like to give thanks to the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Draghi’s press conference on the Maneuver

[date_timestamp] => 1635446451 ) [6] => Array ( [title] => Fishing licenses: France decided to ?speak the language of force? with the United Kingdom [link] => https://bofads.com/fishing-licenses-france-decided-to-speak-the-language-of-force-with-the-united-kingdom/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tom Pauler ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 18:25:52 +0000 [category] => NewsdecidedFishingforceFranceKingdomlanguagelicensesspeakUnited [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4686 [description] => The trawler “Cornelis-Gert Jan” detained by the French authorities, in the port of Le Havre (Seine-Maritime), October 28, 2021. SAMEER AL-DOUMY / AFP Paris had been promising retaliatory measures against London for weeks if French fishermen did not obtain licenses to fish in British waters, authorizations to which France considers they are entitled under the ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Paris had been promising retaliatory measures against London for weeks if French fishermen did not obtain licenses to fish in British waters, authorizations to which France considers they are entitled under the post-Brexit agreement signed between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom. As pressure mounts on the ground and the campaign for the presidential election intensifies, France has decided to take action.

During the night of Wednesday 27 to Thursday 28 October, two English ships were fined in French waters off the port of Le Havre. One of them was unable to present a license and was therefore confused, the other was sanctioned for refusing to let the maritime gendarmerie board. “By carrying out these checks, France applies to the letter, in a punctilious manner, the agreement which was concluded between the Europeans and London”, explains Macronist MEP Nathalie Loiseau.

A few hours earlier, Wednesday, in a press release published by the services of the Minister of the Sea, Annick Girardin, and the Secretary of State for European Affairs, Clément Beaune, Paris had also announced retaliatory measures. From November 2, if the situation does not improve by then, most ports in France will be closed to British fishing vessels and customs and health controls on British imports will be systematic. The government has also announced that it is preparing a second package of measures and is not ruling out “Review the energy supply supplied to the United Kingdom”.

“We have been extremely patient” most, “Now we have to speak the language of force, because, unfortunately, this British government only understands that”, said Clément Beaune on CNews, Wednesday. “It’s not war, it’s a fight” so that fishermen obtain the licenses which are due to them, for his part, declared Annick Girardin, Thursday on RTL.

Difficult to mobilize on fishing

By raising the tone with regard to London, France is also putting pressure on the European Commission, which is negotiating with London, on behalf of the member states, for the granting of licenses for all European fishermen, and which Paris considers too little offensive. The community executive “Must work harder to ensure that the United Kingdom meets its commitments”, said Annick Girardin. The Minister calls on Brussels to convene the Partnership Council – the body responsible for the governance of the agreement between the Twenty-Seven and London – “To signal to the United Kingdom that it is not respecting its agreement and therefore that retaliatory measures can be taken”.

You have 48.23% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We would love to say thanks to the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Fishing licenses: France decided to “speak the language of force” with the United Kingdom

) [summary] => The trawler “Cornelis-Gert Jan” detained by the French authorities, in the port of Le Havre (Seine-Maritime), October 28, 2021. SAMEER AL-DOUMY / AFP Paris had been promising retaliatory measures against London for weeks if French fishermen did not obtain licenses to fish in British waters, authorizations to which France considers they are entitled under the ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Paris had been promising retaliatory measures against London for weeks if French fishermen did not obtain licenses to fish in British waters, authorizations to which France considers they are entitled under the post-Brexit agreement signed between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom. As pressure mounts on the ground and the campaign for the presidential election intensifies, France has decided to take action.

During the night of Wednesday 27 to Thursday 28 October, two English ships were fined in French waters off the port of Le Havre. One of them was unable to present a license and was therefore confused, the other was sanctioned for refusing to let the maritime gendarmerie board. “By carrying out these checks, France applies to the letter, in a punctilious manner, the agreement which was concluded between the Europeans and London”, explains Macronist MEP Nathalie Loiseau.

A few hours earlier, Wednesday, in a press release published by the services of the Minister of the Sea, Annick Girardin, and the Secretary of State for European Affairs, Clément Beaune, Paris had also announced retaliatory measures. From November 2, if the situation does not improve by then, most ports in France will be closed to British fishing vessels and customs and health controls on British imports will be systematic. The government has also announced that it is preparing a second package of measures and is not ruling out “Review the energy supply supplied to the United Kingdom”.

“We have been extremely patient” most, “Now we have to speak the language of force, because, unfortunately, this British government only understands that”, said Clément Beaune on CNews, Wednesday. “It’s not war, it’s a fight” so that fishermen obtain the licenses which are due to them, for his part, declared Annick Girardin, Thursday on RTL.

Difficult to mobilize on fishing

By raising the tone with regard to London, France is also putting pressure on the European Commission, which is negotiating with London, on behalf of the member states, for the granting of licenses for all European fishermen, and which Paris considers too little offensive. The community executive “Must work harder to ensure that the United Kingdom meets its commitments”, said Annick Girardin. The Minister calls on Brussels to convene the Partnership Council – the body responsible for the governance of the agreement between the Twenty-Seven and London – “To signal to the United Kingdom that it is not respecting its agreement and therefore that retaliatory measures can be taken”.

You have 48.23% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We would love to say thanks to the author of this write-up for this outstanding content

Fishing licenses: France decided to “speak the language of force” with the United Kingdom

[date_timestamp] => 1635445552 ) [7] => Array ( [title] => Burkhart: To be the gateway to the future, we must build back better [link] => https://bofads.com/burkhart-to-be-the-gateway-to-the-future-we-must-build-back-better/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harold Kent ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 17:50:11 +0000 [category] => SpacebuildBurkhartfutureGateway [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4680 [description] => On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong reported from the lunar surface, ?Houston, the Eagle has landed.? You know the line that comes next well, ?That?s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.? Back then, the world?s eyes were on Houston. Today, their eyes are on the Rio Grande Valley, the gateway ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong reported from the lunar surface, ?Houston, the Eagle has landed.? You know the line that comes next well, ?That?s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.? Back then, the world?s eyes were on Houston.

Today, their eyes are on the Rio Grande Valley, the gateway to the future. But make no mistake that future isn?t going to be easy to achieve. We face real challenges, our infrastructure, our climate, and our communities need investments and smart policies. If we want our people building the next gateway to mars, we need to take action now.

It took a lot to make a moment like landing on the moon happen. Think about the human capital whose hands built the rocket, module, and products that safely got our astronauts there and back. Think about the bold action from elected officials, community engagement and support, and critical investment in infrastructure. That?s the kind of vision and determination we need today. It is an inspiration for my generation, who yearns for a bright future in our beloved Valley, and it?s the future we?re ready to build.

South Texas and the Rio Grande Valley need a serious investment in infrastructure, climate, and economic solutions. The RGV is on the move with 16,300 new annual jobs created, but that is not nearly enough and poverty is holding us back. Unemployment is way too high ? 8.9% in Hidalgo County, 7.9% in Cameron County (the statewide unemployment rate is just 5.9%). Recent floods remind us that climate change is here and we need to take action now to protect our wetlands which guard against flooding and improve our water systems. Our road, electric, and port infrastructure all need enhancements to drive our growth into the future.

The Build Back Better Agenda presents the best opportunity this generation has had to take the bold action necessary to secure our future. If Congress acts now, they will lower costs for American families, revitalize the pandemic-battered economy, and combat climate change, all while creating millions of new good-paying jobs. The RGV is poised to win big if this legislative package passes. We?ll get tremendous resources for projects that build out our infrastructure, improve our homes and neighborhoods, and invest in our clean energy sector. That means construction jobs, energy and engineering jobs, and jobs along the entire supply chain. Already, Willacy and Cameron County wind energy prospects have exploded in the past 5 years. Willacy County is the #1 wind energy-producing county in Texas, and Texas produces more wind energy than any other state in the country.

If Congress gets this done, our challenges will become opportunities. Decades ago, the Rio Grande Valley was a rural, agriculture-based economy, and today, we have transformed into a major international trade hub with commercial, retail, industrial, medical, retirement, and higher education institutions. Now, the Rio Grande Valley can lead the way to a new era of economic growth, and we will have the backing and investment of the federal government to do it. That?s the kind of moment we?re getting ready for at the Brownsville Community Improvement Corporation with our eBridge Center, an upcoming collaborative incubator and resource center that supports innovators and business owners to get their projects going.

An army of workers, engineers, builders, doers, and dreamers from across the country made landing on the moon possible. The Lunar Module that housed the crew was built in Bethpage, New York. The Saturn V rocket that took them to space was designed in Alabama and tested in Mississippi. These communities were critical to advancements in space travel, but we have the potential to be in a completely different league. Someday in our future, when the Rio Grande Valley sends humans to Mars, humanity will have achieved something that started right here with us. The human capital of our community can lead to building the next gateway to the future, but only if we get things right on our infrastructure and climate today.

Editor?s Note: The above guest column was penned by Nathan Burkhart, director of Small Business Development at the Brownsville Community Improvement Corporation (BCIC), the Type B Economic Development Organization for the City of Brownsville. A Brownsville native, Burkhart strategically develops programs and incentives for startup growth and development in Brownsville with the end goal of creating a sustainable ecosystem of entrepreneurship in the Rio Grande Valley.


Quality journalism takes time, effort and?. Money!

Producing quality journalism is not cheap. The coronavirus has resulted in falling revenues across the newsrooms of the United States. However, The Rio Grande Guardian International News Service is committed to producing quality news reporting on the issues that matter to border residents. The support of our members is vital in ensuring our mission gets fulfilled.

Can we count on your support? If so, click HERE. Thank you!


Keep on top of the big stories affecting the Texas-Mexico. Join our mailing list to receive regular email alerts.

We wish to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this outstanding content

Burkhart: To be the gateway to the future, we must build back better

) [summary] => On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong reported from the lunar surface, ?Houston, the Eagle has landed.? You know the line that comes next well, ?That?s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.? Back then, the world?s eyes were on Houston. Today, their eyes are on the Rio Grande Valley, the gateway ... Read more [atom_content] =>

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong reported from the lunar surface, ?Houston, the Eagle has landed.? You know the line that comes next well, ?That?s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.? Back then, the world?s eyes were on Houston.

Today, their eyes are on the Rio Grande Valley, the gateway to the future. But make no mistake that future isn?t going to be easy to achieve. We face real challenges, our infrastructure, our climate, and our communities need investments and smart policies. If we want our people building the next gateway to mars, we need to take action now.

It took a lot to make a moment like landing on the moon happen. Think about the human capital whose hands built the rocket, module, and products that safely got our astronauts there and back. Think about the bold action from elected officials, community engagement and support, and critical investment in infrastructure. That?s the kind of vision and determination we need today. It is an inspiration for my generation, who yearns for a bright future in our beloved Valley, and it?s the future we?re ready to build.

South Texas and the Rio Grande Valley need a serious investment in infrastructure, climate, and economic solutions. The RGV is on the move with 16,300 new annual jobs created, but that is not nearly enough and poverty is holding us back. Unemployment is way too high ? 8.9% in Hidalgo County, 7.9% in Cameron County (the statewide unemployment rate is just 5.9%). Recent floods remind us that climate change is here and we need to take action now to protect our wetlands which guard against flooding and improve our water systems. Our road, electric, and port infrastructure all need enhancements to drive our growth into the future.

The Build Back Better Agenda presents the best opportunity this generation has had to take the bold action necessary to secure our future. If Congress acts now, they will lower costs for American families, revitalize the pandemic-battered economy, and combat climate change, all while creating millions of new good-paying jobs. The RGV is poised to win big if this legislative package passes. We?ll get tremendous resources for projects that build out our infrastructure, improve our homes and neighborhoods, and invest in our clean energy sector. That means construction jobs, energy and engineering jobs, and jobs along the entire supply chain. Already, Willacy and Cameron County wind energy prospects have exploded in the past 5 years. Willacy County is the #1 wind energy-producing county in Texas, and Texas produces more wind energy than any other state in the country.

If Congress gets this done, our challenges will become opportunities. Decades ago, the Rio Grande Valley was a rural, agriculture-based economy, and today, we have transformed into a major international trade hub with commercial, retail, industrial, medical, retirement, and higher education institutions. Now, the Rio Grande Valley can lead the way to a new era of economic growth, and we will have the backing and investment of the federal government to do it. That?s the kind of moment we?re getting ready for at the Brownsville Community Improvement Corporation with our eBridge Center, an upcoming collaborative incubator and resource center that supports innovators and business owners to get their projects going.

An army of workers, engineers, builders, doers, and dreamers from across the country made landing on the moon possible. The Lunar Module that housed the crew was built in Bethpage, New York. The Saturn V rocket that took them to space was designed in Alabama and tested in Mississippi. These communities were critical to advancements in space travel, but we have the potential to be in a completely different league. Someday in our future, when the Rio Grande Valley sends humans to Mars, humanity will have achieved something that started right here with us. The human capital of our community can lead to building the next gateway to the future, but only if we get things right on our infrastructure and climate today.

Editor?s Note: The above guest column was penned by Nathan Burkhart, director of Small Business Development at the Brownsville Community Improvement Corporation (BCIC), the Type B Economic Development Organization for the City of Brownsville. A Brownsville native, Burkhart strategically develops programs and incentives for startup growth and development in Brownsville with the end goal of creating a sustainable ecosystem of entrepreneurship in the Rio Grande Valley.


Quality journalism takes time, effort and?. Money!

Producing quality journalism is not cheap. The coronavirus has resulted in falling revenues across the newsrooms of the United States. However, The Rio Grande Guardian International News Service is committed to producing quality news reporting on the issues that matter to border residents. The support of our members is vital in ensuring our mission gets fulfilled.

Can we count on your support? If so, click HERE. Thank you!


Keep on top of the big stories affecting the Texas-Mexico. Join our mailing list to receive regular email alerts.

We wish to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this outstanding content

Burkhart: To be the gateway to the future, we must build back better

[date_timestamp] => 1635443411 ) [8] => Array ( [title] => To understand the future of hurricanes, look to the past [link] => https://bofads.com/to-understand-the-future-of-hurricanes-look-to-the-past/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 17:48:57 +0000 [category] => Health And Sciencefuturehurricanesunderstand [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4675 [description] => Journal Reference: Duo Chan, Gabriel A. Vecchi, Wenchang Yang, Peter Huybers. Improved simulation of 19th- and 20th-century North Atlantic hurricane frequency after correcting historical sea surface temperatures. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (26): eabg6931 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg6931 While most climate scientists agree that hurricane severity, at least in terms of rainfall, will likely increase as the planet ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Duo Chan, Gabriel A. Vecchi, Wenchang Yang, Peter Huybers. Improved simulation of 19th- and 20th-century North Atlantic hurricane frequency after correcting historical sea surface temperatures. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (26): eabg6931 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg6931

While most climate scientists agree that hurricane severity, at least in terms of rainfall, will likely increase as the planet warms, there remains uncertainty about the future frequency of hurricanes. Today?s climate models offer a range of possible futures, some predicting an increase in North Atlantic hurricane frequency, others a decrease. These conflicting results beg the question: are these models even capable of predicting hurricane frequency or are they missing some vital process?

?In order to understand whether these models are credible we need to see if they can reproduce the past,? said Peter Huybers, Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences and of Environmental Science and Engineering at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). ?Today?s models do a good job simulating the past 40 years of hurricanes but as we move back in time, the models and data increasingly diverge. This raises an important question: if models do not reproduce the long-term history of hurricanes, should we trust their long-term predictions??

In a new paper published in Science Advances, Huybers and a team of researchers found that these models are, in fact, capable of reproducing the long-term history of hurricanes ? but only if historic sea surface temperatures are corrected. The research highlights the importance of understanding sea surface temperatures patterns and suggests that a better understanding of these patterns could reconcile conflicting model predictions and improve our understanding of how climate change will impact future hurricane frequency.

This paper builds off previous research in which Huybers and his team identified bias in historic sea surface temperature measurements and developed a comprehensive approach to correct the data. That paper, published in 2019, led to a better understanding of how oceans warmed over time. Here, the researchers apply the same correction to help model historic hurricane frequency.

Sea surface temperature plays a critical role in the formation of hurricanes.

?The frequency of Atlantic hurricanes depends on the pattern of sea surface temperatures, particularly the warmth of the subtropical North Atlantic, an area that roughly extends from the tip of Florida to Cape Verde, relative to the tropical oceans as a whole,? said Duo Chan, a former graduate student at SEAS and first author of the paper.

When the subtropical North Atlantic is relatively warm, it leads to more atmospheric convection and more Atlantic hurricanes. When the subtropical North Atlantic is relatively cool, hurricane formation rates decrease, in part because of winds that shear apart proto-storm systems.

When today?s climate models try to reproduce past hurricane seasons, they generally predict too few between 1885-1900 and too many between 1930-1960. These models, however, all rely upon historic sea surface temperatures that indicate a relative cool subtropical Atlantic at the turn of the 20th century and a warm Atlantic in the mid-20th century.

But, as Huybers and Chan demonstrated in previous research, those historic sea surface temperatures contain systematic errors. Their corrected sea surface temperatures show a warmer subtropical North Atlantic from 1885 to 1920 and a relatively cooler one between 1930 and 1960. These adjustments bring hurricane frequency in line with observations.

?Our corrections to sea surface temperature patterns were independently developed, and significantly improve the skill with which models reproduce historical hurricane variations,? said Huybers. ?These results increase our confidence both in historical sea surface temperatures and our models and provide a more-firm basis from which to explore how climate change will influence hurricane frequency going forward.?

The research was co-authored by Gabriel A. Vecchi and Wenchang Yang of Princeton University, and was partly supported by the Harvard Global Institute.

We would like to thank the author of this article for this awesome material

To understand the future of hurricanes, look to the past

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Duo Chan, Gabriel A. Vecchi, Wenchang Yang, Peter Huybers. Improved simulation of 19th- and 20th-century North Atlantic hurricane frequency after correcting historical sea surface temperatures. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (26): eabg6931 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg6931 While most climate scientists agree that hurricane severity, at least in terms of rainfall, will likely increase as the planet ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Duo Chan, Gabriel A. Vecchi, Wenchang Yang, Peter Huybers. Improved simulation of 19th- and 20th-century North Atlantic hurricane frequency after correcting historical sea surface temperatures. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (26): eabg6931 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg6931

While most climate scientists agree that hurricane severity, at least in terms of rainfall, will likely increase as the planet warms, there remains uncertainty about the future frequency of hurricanes. Today?s climate models offer a range of possible futures, some predicting an increase in North Atlantic hurricane frequency, others a decrease. These conflicting results beg the question: are these models even capable of predicting hurricane frequency or are they missing some vital process?

?In order to understand whether these models are credible we need to see if they can reproduce the past,? said Peter Huybers, Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences and of Environmental Science and Engineering at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). ?Today?s models do a good job simulating the past 40 years of hurricanes but as we move back in time, the models and data increasingly diverge. This raises an important question: if models do not reproduce the long-term history of hurricanes, should we trust their long-term predictions??

In a new paper published in Science Advances, Huybers and a team of researchers found that these models are, in fact, capable of reproducing the long-term history of hurricanes ? but only if historic sea surface temperatures are corrected. The research highlights the importance of understanding sea surface temperatures patterns and suggests that a better understanding of these patterns could reconcile conflicting model predictions and improve our understanding of how climate change will impact future hurricane frequency.

This paper builds off previous research in which Huybers and his team identified bias in historic sea surface temperature measurements and developed a comprehensive approach to correct the data. That paper, published in 2019, led to a better understanding of how oceans warmed over time. Here, the researchers apply the same correction to help model historic hurricane frequency.

Sea surface temperature plays a critical role in the formation of hurricanes.

?The frequency of Atlantic hurricanes depends on the pattern of sea surface temperatures, particularly the warmth of the subtropical North Atlantic, an area that roughly extends from the tip of Florida to Cape Verde, relative to the tropical oceans as a whole,? said Duo Chan, a former graduate student at SEAS and first author of the paper.

When the subtropical North Atlantic is relatively warm, it leads to more atmospheric convection and more Atlantic hurricanes. When the subtropical North Atlantic is relatively cool, hurricane formation rates decrease, in part because of winds that shear apart proto-storm systems.

When today?s climate models try to reproduce past hurricane seasons, they generally predict too few between 1885-1900 and too many between 1930-1960. These models, however, all rely upon historic sea surface temperatures that indicate a relative cool subtropical Atlantic at the turn of the 20th century and a warm Atlantic in the mid-20th century.

But, as Huybers and Chan demonstrated in previous research, those historic sea surface temperatures contain systematic errors. Their corrected sea surface temperatures show a warmer subtropical North Atlantic from 1885 to 1920 and a relatively cooler one between 1930 and 1960. These adjustments bring hurricane frequency in line with observations.

?Our corrections to sea surface temperature patterns were independently developed, and significantly improve the skill with which models reproduce historical hurricane variations,? said Huybers. ?These results increase our confidence both in historical sea surface temperatures and our models and provide a more-firm basis from which to explore how climate change will influence hurricane frequency going forward.?

The research was co-authored by Gabriel A. Vecchi and Wenchang Yang of Princeton University, and was partly supported by the Harvard Global Institute.

We would like to thank the author of this article for this awesome material

To understand the future of hurricanes, look to the past

[date_timestamp] => 1635443337 ) [9] => Array ( [title] => Tunisia explores its rich underwater heritage [link] => https://bofads.com/tunisia-explores-its-rich-underwater-heritage/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tim Hall ) [pubdate] => Thu, 28 Oct 2021 17:48:04 +0000 [category] => SciencesexploresheritagerichTunisiaunderwater [guid] => https://bofads.com/?p=4669 [description] => To stay up to date with African news, subscribe to the ?Monde Afrique? newsletter from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa. Divers explore the wreck of a French submarine off Cape Bon, Tunisia, in October 2020. – / ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

To stay up to date with African news, subscribe to the ?Monde Afrique? newsletter from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa.

Divers explore the wreck of a French submarine off Cape Bon, Tunisia, in October 2020.

“I always get goosebumps when I discover an object underwater, because I know that it has not moved for centuries”, Slim Medimegh is moved. This professional diver is also the technical director of the first underwater archaeological expedition conducted off the island of Pilau, in northern Tunisia, in early October.

As part of a mission initiated by the Heritage and Cultural Promotion Agency (AMVPPC), a team brought to the surface a dozen objects from underwater sites, remains of capsized ships in through the centuries. ?Many boats came near the island for shelter from storms. Others, which were shipwrecked, shed their cargo by throwing part of it overboard, explique Slim Medimegh. Most of the archaeological pieces found are still intact, but they are very fragile and complicated to extract because of substrates such as mud and posidonia. “

Read also In Tunisia, “awareness of historical heritage is late”

These finds buried between 18 and 30 meters deep (Punic, Italian, African amphorae, anchors, fittings, lead ingots, etc.) will allow an unprecedented re-reading of the history of maritime trade in Tunisia, according to Ouafa. Slimane, underwater archaeologist at the National Heritage Institute (INP) and scientific director of the project. ?In 2015-2016, the geophysical prospecting of the site had enabled us to establish a cartography and a first inventory of the pieces present, thanks to a project with the Italian cooperation, traces the researcher. Then, in January, a ministerial decree made it possible to classify the periphery of the island as a protected area. “

This research is encouraged by Unesco, which in June celebrated the 20th anniversary of the vote on a convention governing underwater archeology. “The waters are the largest museum in the world”, then declared its director general, Audrey Azoulay, on an official visit to Tunis, calling on the international community to mobilize to explore and protect these submerged remains.

From antiquity to contemporary times

Tunisia is already prized by archaeologists for the richness and diversity of its terrestrial heritage. Nearly 3,000 years of history with Roman, Punic, Berber, Turkish and Andalusian influences have shaped the geography of a country which has nearly 30,000 sites, of which only sixty are exploited.

But Tunisian waters remain virgin spaces for explorers, “Partly for lack of human resources and because of limited logistical means”, according to Ouafa Slimane. Underwater research is also subject to a battery of authorizations and often supervised by military navy divers, a long logistical and administrative process which explains the rarity of expeditions.

The 1,300 kilometers of coastline nevertheless suggest the presence of numerous riches under the water, with relics ranging from antiquity to contemporary times, as evidenced by the discovery of a wreck of a French submarine dating from the World War I off Cape Bon, in 2020.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers The treasures of underwater archeology at risk

The first underwater excavations in the country were undertaken by sponge fishermen in the early 20th century.e century off the coastal town of Mahdia. Then they became more professional with the appearance of the first autonomous divers and the modernization of scuba diving by Commander Cousteau. Today, some of the recovered pieces are exhibited at the Bardo museum in Tunis.

But many sites remain unprotected, alert Slim Medimegh, who warns against the risk of looting, already frequent where the sea is shallow: ?There is always this myth, in Tunisia, that the archaeological discovery is necessarily linked to money or to treasures, and this attracts a lot of gold diggers. “

Creation of a virtual reality game

Today, the country does not have the financial and technological means to preserve the objects resulting from the deep excavations, which pushed the mission of Pilau Island to adopt an innovative approach. In addition to the few remains brought to the surface for research purposes, “We promote in situ conservation, the idea being to protect the site but also to develop underwater tourism around it, without needing to extract more objects”, dit Ouafa Slimane.

The purpose of the project also lies in the promotion of discoveries by a Tunisian start-up, 3DWave, specializing in augmented reality technologies. According to Ferid Kamel, its founder, this first expedition will allow the creation of a virtual reality game around the underwater heritage: the artefacts found underwater will be scanned and then modeled in order to be able to be visualized in 3D. The whole will be accompanied by animations and a scenario enriched by the historical indications which will result from the scientific treatment of the collected pieces. “The idea is to attract young people to this heritage by using digital tools”, explains Ferid Kamel, whose team is already hard at work.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Tunisia, all roads lead to Rome

For the AMVPPC, the digital enhancement of other archaeological sites should make it possible to reconcile Tunisians with heritage, while “Each year the numbers of visits to cultural sites remain below our expectations”, specifies the director of the agency, Amel Zribi Hachana. In 2019, only 1.5 million people visited Tunisian monuments and museums.

We would like to say thanks to the author of this short article for this outstanding content

Tunisia explores its rich underwater heritage

) [summary] => To stay up to date with African news, subscribe to the ?Monde Afrique? newsletter from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa. Divers explore the wreck of a French submarine off Cape Bon, Tunisia, in October 2020. – / ... Read more [atom_content] =>

To stay up to date with African news, subscribe to the ?Monde Afrique? newsletter from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa.

Divers explore the wreck of a French submarine off Cape Bon, Tunisia, in October 2020.

“I always get goosebumps when I discover an object underwater, because I know that it has not moved for centuries”, Slim Medimegh is moved. This professional diver is also the technical director of the first underwater archaeological expedition conducted off the island of Pilau, in northern Tunisia, in early October.

As part of a mission initiated by the Heritage and Cultural Promotion Agency (AMVPPC), a team brought to the surface a dozen objects from underwater sites, remains of capsized ships in through the centuries. ?Many boats came near the island for shelter from storms. Others, which were shipwrecked, shed their cargo by throwing part of it overboard, explique Slim Medimegh. Most of the archaeological pieces found are still intact, but they are very fragile and complicated to extract because of substrates such as mud and posidonia. “

Read also In Tunisia, “awareness of historical heritage is late”

These finds buried between 18 and 30 meters deep (Punic, Italian, African amphorae, anchors, fittings, lead ingots, etc.) will allow an unprecedented re-reading of the history of maritime trade in Tunisia, according to Ouafa. Slimane, underwater archaeologist at the National Heritage Institute (INP) and scientific director of the project. ?In 2015-2016, the geophysical prospecting of the site had enabled us to establish a cartography and a first inventory of the pieces present, thanks to a project with the Italian cooperation, traces the researcher. Then, in January, a ministerial decree made it possible to classify the periphery of the island as a protected area. “

This research is encouraged by Unesco, which in June celebrated the 20th anniversary of the vote on a convention governing underwater archeology. “The waters are the largest museum in the world”, then declared its director general, Audrey Azoulay, on an official visit to Tunis, calling on the international community to mobilize to explore and protect these submerged remains.

From antiquity to contemporary times

Tunisia is already prized by archaeologists for the richness and diversity of its terrestrial heritage. Nearly 3,000 years of history with Roman, Punic, Berber, Turkish and Andalusian influences have shaped the geography of a country which has nearly 30,000 sites, of which only sixty are exploited.

But Tunisian waters remain virgin spaces for explorers, “Partly for lack of human resources and because of limited logistical means”, according to Ouafa Slimane. Underwater research is also subject to a battery of authorizations and often supervised by military navy divers, a long logistical and administrative process which explains the rarity of expeditions.

The 1,300 kilometers of coastline nevertheless suggest the presence of numerous riches under the water, with relics ranging from antiquity to contemporary times, as evidenced by the discovery of a wreck of a French submarine dating from the World War I off Cape Bon, in 2020.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers The treasures of underwater archeology at risk

The first underwater excavations in the country were undertaken by sponge fishermen in the early 20th century.e century off the coastal town of Mahdia. Then they became more professional with the appearance of the first autonomous divers and the modernization of scuba diving by Commander Cousteau. Today, some of the recovered pieces are exhibited at the Bardo museum in Tunis.

But many sites remain unprotected, alert Slim Medimegh, who warns against the risk of looting, already frequent where the sea is shallow: ?There is always this myth, in Tunisia, that the archaeological discovery is necessarily linked to money or to treasures, and this attracts a lot of gold diggers. “

Creation of a virtual reality game

Today, the country does not have the financial and technological means to preserve the objects resulting from the deep excavations, which pushed the mission of Pilau Island to adopt an innovative approach. In addition to the few remains brought to the surface for research purposes, “We promote in situ conservation, the idea being to protect the site but also to develop underwater tourism around it, without needing to extract more objects”, dit Ouafa Slimane.

The purpose of the project also lies in the promotion of discoveries by a Tunisian start-up, 3DWave, specializing in augmented reality technologies. According to Ferid Kamel, its founder, this first expedition will allow the creation of a virtual reality game around the underwater heritage: the artefacts found underwater will be scanned and then modeled in order to be able to be visualized in 3D. The whole will be accompanied by animations and a scenario enriched by the historical indications which will result from the scientific treatment of the collected pieces. “The idea is to attract young people to this heritage by using digital tools”, explains Ferid Kamel, whose team is already hard at work.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Tunisia, all roads lead to Rome

For the AMVPPC, the digital enhancement of other archaeological sites should make it possible to reconcile Tunisians with heritage, while “Each year the numbers of visits to cultural sites remain below our expectations”, specifies the director of the agency, Amel Zribi Hachana. In 2019, only 1.5 million people visited Tunisian monuments and museums.

We would like to say thanks to the author of this short article for this outstanding content

Tunisia explores its rich underwater heritage

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